A lot of couples these days are showing their inclination towards vasectomy as a way of birth control. This procedure is a replica of tubal ligation in women, where the Fallopian tubes are tied off to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Moreover, vasectomy is considered one of the most full-proof procedures of birth control in men that leaves many men wondering if pregnancy is at all possible after it.
How a vasectomy is done?
If anyone opts for vasectomy, than he must go through a minor surgery that involves severing, cutting, sealing or clamping of vas deferens from both the testicles. This severing of vas deferens prevents the sperms from mixing with the semen that gets ejaculated from the men’s penis. Hence, even after coming in contact with a woman, this semen without sperm cannot fertilize an egg.
However, the testicles continue to produce sperms, but these sperms are reabsorbed by the body. Since the tubes are blocked right before the seminal vesicles and prostate, one still continues to ejaculate same amount of liquid, only difference being that this time the liquid is sperm-less, thus no chance of pregnancy.
- Firstly, the area around one’s scrotum and testicles is nicely cleaned with the help of an antiseptic.
- After which, an oral medicine is given to reduce anxiety and make the person sleepy, because of which he doesn’t remember much about the procedure.
- Anesthesia is injected in each of the vas deferens.
- After the fulfillment of these pre-surgery requirements, the specialist will make one or two small openings on scrotum. The surgical instrument is passed through these openings and vas deferens tubes are severed. After this, the vas deferens cut portions are tied, sealed or stitched.
- Finally, the vas deferens is placed back and scrotum skin is stitched once again. These scrotum stitches usually dissolve over time and does not need any surgical removal.
- This surgery usually does not take more than 20 to 30 minutes and can be done by any experienced doctor.
No scalpel vasectomy: This is another variant of the age old procedure of vasectomy. And this includes poking of a clamp inside the scrotum skin and directly cutting off the vas deferens tubes. This procedure is as effective as traditional vasectomy. The brighter side of this procedure is that it includes less bleeding, smaller hole in the scrotum skin and much less complications.
Chances of a post-vasectomy pregnancy
Usually men who opt for vasectomy are certain that they never want to father a child ever again. As its success rate is 1/1000 after one year and 6-10/1000 after 5 years. However, it is always better to have an analysis of semen sample after vasectomy to be totally sure about the success of the procedure.
Furthermore, there have been cases where the tubes grow back together and ejaculate sperms just like pre-vasectomy.
Therefore, even though the chances of pregnancy after vasectomy are slim, but it is there.
How women get pregnant after the vasectomy
As already mentioned, a vasectomy is a permanent way of achieving birth control. But just like women undergo tubal ligation reversal surgery, a man can also opt for vasectomy reversal surgery. Though the chances of achieving pregnancy after reversal surgery are lesser than before but still it opens up the possibility of impregnating the women.
Moreover, one must remember that after the vasectomy, it takes several months for the sperms to get fully re-absorbed or ejaculated. And until then one must continue using other methods of birth control during sex, or else there are high chances that one would end up getting their partner pregnant. Therefore, if contraceptive is not used until the sperm count is confirmed to be zero, there are chances of women getting pregnant.
is another reason of women getting pregnant after the vasectomy. This is basically natural reversal of vasectomy where the sperms escape through the end of vas deferens due to some microscopic channels in scar tissues.
And lastly, surgical error, though the possibility of this also is rare but pregnancy might occur if post vasectomy semen analysis is not taken. Plus find a skilled surgeon only to avoid any sort of surgical error.