Pregnancy comes naturally to women and in most cases carries out smoothly for the duration of 9 months before delivering a healthy child.
However, few women might develop few complications which might cause few difficulties in them if left unnoticed. Placenta previa or low lying placenta is one of them and you must be aware of the causes, symptoms and treatment of the same if you are going to be a mother soon!
Placenta is a structure, formed from the network of blood vessels inside the uterus of a pregnant woman, and is responsible for providing oxygen and nutrition to the baby. It gets connected to the umbilical cord of the fetus and attaches itself to the side or on the top of the uterus. Placenta previa is a medical condition in which the placenta is attached low in uterus and tends to cover the cervix, partially or even fully. This results is early dilation of cervix and sometimes the placenta detaches itself from the uterus when the cervix begins to dilate during labor.
Though placenta previa is not very common among women but statistics reveal that around 0.5% of women undergo this complication which restricts their movements while they are pregnant. There are few cases where placenta previa is considered to occur, which are:
However, depending on health conditions, a woman having no such conditions, can also develop placenta previa during her pregnancy.
Low lying placenta can be of three different kinds, which are as follows:
The exact cause of placenta previa is not known however, there are some probable assumptions for the same, which are:
Slight to heavy bleeding during pregnancy is one of the most significant symptom of placenta previa in pregnancy. The blood would be bright red in color and bleeding will not be continuous but occasional only which will continue for several weeks. There are several symptoms that a pregnant woman might notice in case she has a low lying placenta. They are:
The exact position of the placenta is usually understood by the radiologist during the first trimester screening of the fetus. If a woman is diagnosed with a low lying placenta, she needs more care than a woman without it. The treatment varies from woman to woman depending on the type of placenta previa in the pregnant woman. Usual advices are:
So if a pregnant woman is diagnosed with placenta previa, there is nothing to worry. After all every child born is a miracle and motherhood being a bliss, one should enjoy every phase of it.