Fasting during pregnancy has been researched upon, but arriving on a conclusion is difficult. This is because the effects of fasting while you are expecting cannot be ascertained until the birth of the baby, and hence no clear conclusions have been derived yet.
Fasting depends on a woman’s commitment towards religion or depending upon individual beliefs. Shivratri, Teej, Karva Chauth, Ramadan, Lent are some of the festivals in which fasting is quite common and these certainly come at least once during the nine months of your pregnancy. If your pregnancy is going normal, and you do feel strong and up to it, you can choose to fast as per your religion. You need to be more careful if you wish to fast during Ramadan, Lent and Navratri’s since they are for longer period of time. Fasting is also affected by the season it is to be observed in, like fasting during summers could couple up with dehydration. Read on to make sure how to make your experience a good one.
Apparently, the answer to this is not clear yet. There is no surety that fasting is safe for you and your baby, but neither is there a study that says if harms the fetus. Studies conducted on the subject show little or no effect on babies born to mothers who observed fasts during pregnancy. Some other studies suggest some health problems may occur later in life of babies born to mothers who fasted. However, it more or less appears to be harmless if your pregnancy has been going on well and you’re keeping in good health and feel strong enough. Fasting during summer, where the days are long and weather being hot and humid, possibility of dehydration cannot be ruled out. It may also lead to exhaustion, headaches, dizziness, acidity etc.
Studies have shown that if fasting during the first trimester it could cause the baby to have lower birth weight but the difference would be very small from babies whose mothers did not fast. Some babies may also grow up to be very thin and short but again with a very little difference. Since the first trimester is a delicate one, you must speak to your health consultant before you decide to fast and reach her immediately if you have any troubles while fasting.
Though considered largely safe, it is advised that you do consult your obstetrician before you observe any fast. The third trimester is the time when the baby grows the most, and she needs lots of essential vitamins and minerals to grow properly. Your doctor should check you up for any probable complications, and suggest accordingly. Fasting is not recommended for women who have diabetes and are expecting.
If you are fasting when pregnant, there are certain things to keep in mind:-
The Islamic law grants permission to pregnant women not to observe fasts of there is any threat to either the mother and/or the baby’s life. However, you must make up for the missed fasts, or pay the fidyah (which means feeding one poor person for each day not fasted) or donate to a food bank. It is only you who can judge whether you have the energy and feel healthy enough to fast, and your doctor, your family and Islamic Sheikh will help you make the right decision. Having healthy and wholesome Iftar (evening meal)and Suhoor (pre-dawn meal), with abundant carbohydrates, proteins and minerals will help you and your baby with essential nutrients that you both need. Quoted from :https://islamqa.info/en/21589
The best way to break your fast is to choose healthy foods such as whole grains, pulses, dried fruits, eggs, meat, beans and nuts, foods rich in fibre, fruits and lots of fluids which help towards the growth of your baby.
Fasting is an integral part in any woman’s religious life, so it is natural that you are unhappy to give up on something which is so significant to you.
If you notice any of the below symptoms, consult your doctor immediately:
Following alternatives can be taken into consideration:
Religious communities stress that you can fast only if you are fit and if you are not well you should not fast, do not overlook this. You can judge yourself how strong and healthy you feel during this phase and what is suitable for you and your baby!