Written by Editorial Team
Infertility is the biological inability of a man or woman to reproduce by natural means. It is a state where a woman is either unable to conceive or unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. Fertile women, experience ovulation which is the fertile period for them. Rest of the time, they are naturally infertile. Infertility is referred to as childlessness in women of reproductive age. Women between the age of 24 and 30 are most fertile and this fertile state starts diminishing after 30 years of age. Some get pregnant up to 40 years of age but usually, late pregnancy is accompanied by complications. Male fertility is maximum at 25 years of age and diminishes after 40 years.
A couple is called infertile when they fail to conceive even after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. The issue could be with a single partner or a culmination of different factors.
There are various reasons why women are infertile. Some of these are:
Age is the biggest determinant of fertility. If a woman is in the age group of 24 to 30 years of age, she is very fertile, everything else is normal. Also, there are a few activities which increase the risk of becoming pregnant like smoking and consuming alcohol. Being overweight affects fertility be it a man or woman. The same is the case with being underweight also. Over-exercising or not exercising at all can also cause infertility. Last but not the least, mental stress also plays great role infertility. A man or woman under stress finds it difficult to conceive.
In many cases, infertility can be treated in a man or a woman. For men, surgery of the testicles can aid sperm movement and thereby facilitating fertilization. Also, the sperm can be taken from the testicles or bladder and injected into an egg at a laboratory to fertilize.
In the case of women, they are given fertility drugs which regulate or aid ovulation. Surgery of the fallopian tubes in certain cases where there is a blockage also helps fertilization of the egg. In some cases, hormone injections are given to women. In some cases, a fertilized egg is placed in the uterus where it develops into a baby.
Infertility is not a disease. In fact, in today’s world, there are several options and treatments available for setting it right. In many cases, the women go through enormous mental stress if unable to conceive. It is a time where she should be given good advice, made to think positive and given emotional support.
With a rich experience in pregnancy and parenting, our team of experts create insightful, well-curated, and easy-to-read content for our to-be-parents and parents at all stages of parenting.Read more.
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