Being pregnant does not imply that you need to bid goodbye to sex. You can still enjoy those lovemaking sessions with your partner in the first, second and even the third trimester. But what if you spot blood after an intercourse? Any type of bleeding is quite unnerving in the course of pregnancy. Spotting after an intercourse is not an exception. Many questions may jump to your mind at once. Does my baby get hurt or disturbed? Does it affect my normal progress of pregnancy? Can sex cause miscarriage? And so on. Continue reading for getting a clear picture on this matter.
Sex and pregnancy

Why Did I Bleed After Sex During Pregnancy?

Bleeding after sex during pregnancy is not a rare happening. This has been found to appear more during the second and third trimester. This happens because of:

  • Increased blood supply: During pregnancy, the blood supply towards your vagina and cervix will increase both in rate and in volume (Remember, from the moment you get pregnant your blood volume starts to increase). Therefore, increased pressure during the intercourse can result in spotting or minor bleeding
  • Increased number of capillaries: During pregnancy, numerous blood vessels form to meet the increased demand of oxygen and nourishment for fetus and mother. More capillaries are formed in the vaginal and cervical area too. These capillaries are so delicate that they can easily break during the intercourse
  • Softening cervix: The cervix becomes tender during pregnancy and can get easily irritated. This can result in the bleeding, especially after a vigorous rough sex
  • Cervical polyps: Due to the increased level of the hormone estrogen, cervical polyps are a common occurrence in the course of pregnancy. Spotting after intercourse can be due to this reason
Can Sex During Pregnancy Cause A Miscarriage?

The chances of having a miscarriage triggered by intercourse are very rare. This is because the baby is safely placed in the amniotic sac, filled with amniotic fluid, and sealed by the mucus plug. The amniotic fluid acts as a cushion and shock absorber. Moreover, the baby is physically placed way back from the intercourse occurring part of the vagina. However, if you bear a history of miscarriage, the doctor might ask you to avoid sex during the first trimester just as the part of the safety measures.

How Can Bleeding After Sex During Pregnancy Be Avoided?

With all the capillaries and softened cervix, there are no hundred percent guaranteed preventive measures to avoid bleeding after sex. However, the following measures may help to minimize the chances of the bleeding.

  • Select comfortable and safe positions during the sex: Certain sexual positions are capable of triggering vaginal bleeding or spotting. Avoid those positions, which increase the pressure on the vaginal area. Therefore, experiment safe sex positions like spooning, rear entry, etc. which put less pressure on the vaginal area
  • Avoid rough sex: Try gentle sex rather than going for the rough and vigorous one while you are pregnant. Some women also prefer having cozy moments like a shower, cuddling and kissing which make you feel close but do not cause any pressure on the uterus. Be sure you talk to your partner about your preferences
  • Use lubricants: To reduce the friction and discomfort during sex, it is better to use a water based lubricants. This will decrease the chances of cervical irritation, thereby, the chances of bleeding also decrease. Coconut oil is a wonderful natural lubricant, and being free of any preservatives whatsoever, it makes an excellent choice. Careful steer clear of lubricants that contain glycerin, as these can give you a thrush
When Should I Seek Medical Attention When I Experience Bleeding After Sex During Pregnancy?

Just to be on the safe side, any type of changes in the vaginal discharge should be mentioned to the doctor. Spotting after sex is not an exception. Though normally it won’t affect the progression of healthy pregnancy, as we always say, during pregnancy, we should always expect for unexpected issues.
pregnant couple making love
You should always evaluate the quantity, nature, and appearance of the bleeding after sex. Wear a pad and notice the color of blood. You should seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following issues, as it can be an indication of miscarriage:

  • If the vaginal discharge contains clots or tissues
  • If cramps or severe pain appear in the abdomen
  • If experience continuous bleeding with or without pain
  • If the uterine contraction that appears as a result of sex or orgasm persists
  • If feels dizzy
  • If experience high temperature with or without chills
When Should Sex During Pregnancy Be Avoided?

In spite of all these facts, there are certain conditions during which the intercourse should be totally avoided during pregnancy like:

  • Cervical incompetence: If you are experiencing cervical incompetence, a condition in which the cervix is not closed fully, you are already a ta risk of preterm labor and pregnancy loss. Intercourse should be totally avoided throughout the pregnancy
  • Placenta pervia: As the placenta partially or fully covers the cervix, the chances of miscarriage are very high if you try sex even in so-called safe positions. Hence, avoid sex if you are experiencing this condition
  • Multiple pregnancies: Carrying more than one baby itself place you in the high-risk category of pregnancy. Avoid sex, as you are more vulnerable to abortion

Be on the safe side, it is better to take precautions than to be sorry! Read more on sex during pregnancy in our section here.