Written by Pradeep
Family planning permits a couple to plan when and how many children they want. The use of birth control methods helps to achieve the same. There are different contraception methods available. One can choose one that fits their pocket.
Nowadays, people have access to the safest and most effective methods of birth control. Continue reading in order to learn more about the different methods of contraception.
In This Article
There are different types of contraception methods available. But bear in mind that one method of birth control may work effectively for one person but may be ineffective for another. It all depends on the age and overall health of the person using that particular method. In addition to this, the type of contraception method is also selected depending on how long the couple wants to avoid pregnancy.
Here are some of the most widely used methods of contraception:
Long-acting reversible contraception, LARC, is a contraceptive that lasts for quite a long time. You don’t need to remember it every day or even every month. LARCs are the most effective forms of reversible birth control. In addition, they are safe and effective for most women.
There are two types of LARC:
Contraceptive pills which are discussed below belong to this group.
Other hormonal contraception are:
Barrier contraception methods block the sperm from getting into the vagina. This method is used only during sexual intercourse. Using spermicide along with the barrier method increases the results as spermicides destroy all the sperms that enter the vagina.
There are three main barrier methods of contraception:
The cervical cap is a small device that is shaped like a bowl and it fits over the women’s cervix and blocks the sperm from entering through the vagina. It has a strap that makes it easy to remove.
Fertility awareness is a process to plan or avoid pregnancy by perceiving the signs of the fertile period in a woman’s menstrual cycle and avoiding intercourse during that period. Examining the appearance of the cervical mucus and graphing down the basal body temperature will help to know the time of ovulation.
Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy if you think your contraceptive method failed, forget to take pills or shots on time. You can also take it if you were made to have sex against your will.
Emergency contraception involves:
Permanent contraception is sterilization that prevents pregnancy forever. The procedure for men is a vasectomy and for women, it is tubal ligation surgery or placement of a device called Essure. It is a highly effective contraception method and is irreversible, so if you change your mind after undergoing a permanent contraceptive method, getting pregnant will be really hard.
IUD is the most effective form of birth control. It has a 99% of success rate. The IUD is one form of long-acting reversible birth control. In this procedure, a very small, often T-shaped rod, is inserted into the uterus by a doctor to prevent pregnancy.
IUD emits either the hormone progestin or copper (depending on the type of IUD), both of which are hostile to sperms. IUDs are one form of long-acting reversible birth control.
Birth control pills are pills that are taken orally on a daily basis in order to avoid pregnancy. Actually, the anti-pregnancy pills consist of synthetic female hormones. The contraceptive pills are of two types
Contraceptive pills work by:
Birth control pills are 99% effective if they are used correctly. However, in reality, the pills are only around 91% effective. This is due to the fact that missing the pills and taking the pills at the wrong time can occur, keeping in view the busy schedules and hectic lifestyles. Therefore, it is found that out of 100 pill users, 9 of them get pregnant every year.
Therefore, even though it is possible to start taking the birth control pills on any day of the month, you should always keep another birth control method like condoms as a backup at least during the first 7 days to ensure complete safety.