If you want to avoid pregnancy or want to keep gap between babies, you need to resort to the various birth control options available such as condoms, intrauterine contraceptive devices or oral contraceptive pills. The choice ultimately depends upon one’s preferences.
Oral contraceptive pills or birth control pills are the medications that are used to avoid pregnancy. They are hormonal preparations comprising of estrogen and progesterone hormones or only progesterone. Ovulation is the process of release of egg from the ovary and is governed by women’s hormones. The contraceptive pills contain small quantities of synthetically prepared estrogen and progesterone hormones. They impede the functioning of natural hormones and interfere with implantation and fertilization of eggs and thus prevent pregnancy. Due to their high efficacy, they are increasingly used by women all over the world to prevent unwanted pregnancies.
The birth pills have a number of advantages over other birth control measures. They are:
The birth pills or contraceptive pills are of different kinds, such as monophasic, biphasic or the triphasic pills.
The triphasic contraceptive pills have constant or varying estrogen levels and progestin levels in the entire cycle. The biphasic pills contain constant amount of estrogen and slightly low progestin/estrogen ratio in the first 21 days of the menstrual cycle and a slight higher ration in the second half of the cycle. Monophasic pills release same amount of progestin and estrogen every day.
Pregnancy occurs when egg released from the ovary is fertilized by man’s sperm. The fertilized egg is then implanted or attached in the woman’s uterus. It receives nourishment and matures into a baby. The birth control pills contain only progestin or a combination of estrogen and progestin. The FSH and LH have vital role in the maturation of eggs and preparation of uterine lining for embryo implantation. The combined use of estrogen and progesterone inhibits the secretion of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
The hormonal contraceptive pills act by:
Broadly speaking contraceptive pills are safe, but it would be better to seek advice from your doctor before you start taking it.
Following are the important factors that your doctor keeps in mind before recommending you’re the birth pill:
Birth pills are very effective in keeping pregnancy at bay and the failure rate is very less. Progestin pills should be taken at the same time every day to accomplish its complete efficacy. However the effectiveness of the pills can be retarded by use of rifampicin, certain oral yeast infection medicine, some HIV medicine and certain anti-seizure drugs. The potency of the pill is also affected if the woman is having diarrhoea or vomiting.
Yes, oral contraceptive pills do have some side effects, though nothing should be serious. Some women complain of the below side effects when they take oral contraceptive pills:
Here is a list of some commonly available oral contraceptive pills:
In a nutshell the oral contraceptive pills are an easy, affordable, and effective way to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Make sure to consult your doctor before starting your birth pill.
Yes they are. These pills stop the egg from being released. Hence they are designed only for women.
Yes they are. They have a 99% effective rate, compared to the 95% for condoms. However, you need a doctor’s prescription to use these pills.
No you cannot. It is not safe for the baby. Since these pills cause a change in your hormonal levels, it can impact your child.
Yes you can. No form of birth control promises a 100% safety. If you miss to take your pills on time, it can result in a pregnancy.