IUI and IVF are widely practiced medical procedures for assisted reproduction. Although infertility is the commonest reason for couples seeking assistance, lesbian and gay couples are also known to undertake the procedures. The eligibility for the treatments depends on a wide range of factors.
Your age, overall medical history, previous attempts of conceiving, everything is taken into account. However, truth is said, there is no guarantee that any of the methods should work. Still, it is also important not to lose hope and take your chances of becoming parents.
In This Article
Intra-Uterine Insemination or IUI is a cost-effective method for infertile couples. Although the pregnancy rates are not very high, IUI is seen as a less expensive way to have assisted fertilization.
However, couples also inquire with the doctor whether they can be parents of twins with IUI
It needs to be understood that sperm has to travel all the way from the vagina to the cervix, into the uterus, and then into the Fallopian tubes. If the sperms are not able to transfer this distance, IUI can be effective in planting the sperm directly into the uterus, from where it just needs to travel to the Fallopian tubes.
Success rates depend on the cause and severity of infertility and your age. In India, IUI has been estimated to have a 12-28% success between the age groups of 30-34, and 7-18% between the ages of 35-39. The success rates are pretty low for women above 40
That was all about IUI. However, in certain circumstances, IUI does not seem to work or is not an advisable method. Usually, women start the treatment with IUI. If it does not work in about 3 -4 cycles, the natural option is to choose IVF.
The famous term “test-tube baby” has been derived from the process that is used for IVF. “Fertilization in glass”, as the process is called, involves the removal of eggs from the woman’s ovary and fertilizing the same with sperms at the laboratory. The fertilized egg or the embryo is then placed back in the woman’s womb.
IVF is quite an expensive affair and the techniques vary from clinic to clinic. A doctor will probably suggest an IVF treatment if-
Owing to its process, IVF has a higher success rate than IUI and is also expensive. This assisted fertility treatment has been estimated to have a 40% chance to make you pregnant if you are under 35, and 30% if you are in the age group 35-37. This further drop of 19% and 13% for age groups 38-39 and 40-42
Reproduction, being the very process of life, is highly complex and mysterious. A doctor can never guarantee that you will be able to conceive by assisted reproduction like IUI and IVF. Most women choose the IUI first, many even repeated times. However, if there are no results despite several attempts, doctors suggest you go for IVF.
Technically, there are more chances of fertilization in IVF than in IUI, but there is no assurance there either. You need to leave some things to happen by Nature or God, quite actually! That said; please note the above aspects to understand IUI and IVF, amazing medical procedures of assisted reproduction.
The success rate of IVF is generally higher than that of IUI. It is the most preferred method for women over the age of 40. Furthermore, IVF gives you and your fertility doctor greater control of the number of embryos you wish to transfer, which reduces the risk of multiple pregnancies.
In most cases, IVF injections are not much painful. There is a stinging sensation but that isn’t anything to be bothered about. The IUI procedure should only take a few minutes and it shouldn’t hurt. Some mild discomfort may occur when the speculum is inserted, or you may experience cramping when the catheter passes through the cervix. The discomfort is temporary and should be gone by the end of the procedure.
Typically patients will want to consider IVF after they’ve experienced two or more IUI cycles. Given the success rate of IUI, some couples try three or more cycles before they consider giving IVF a shot.
Aside from the conception process and risks associated with combining the procedure with fertility medications, an IUI pregnancy is virtually indistinguishable from a traditional pregnancy
IUI brings sperm close to a woman’s eggs so that fertilization is easier, but it does not alter any other part of ovulation or conception. The chance of twins is just the same for a couple undergoing straight IUI treatment as it is for a couple who is conceiving naturally.