A child’s first words are like music to the parent’s ears. The wait is always eager and the anticipation surrounded is immense. So yes, it does get worrisome for parents when the children take time to let those cute expressions find words. However, most kids who seem to talk ‘late’, catch up with the others by the time they are 2 years old and that too without any special help. There is absolutely no link between a late bloomer and a slow brain – and parents must understand that every child is unique and develops differently. Many parents start worrying about the late speech and language development but one must understand the reasons of delay first before booking appointments with specialists and create a panicky situation.
What is normal?
Speech and language developments happen almost the same way for all children but the age at which the development strikes could vary. Experts say that a child should be able to speak at least one single word by age 1, 6-8 words by 18 months, and 2 word-combination by the age of 2 years. A 3 year old should be able to speak 3 word sentences. Apart from this, the child should be able to point to his body parts, make gestures, and look up on his name being called. You can read about the speech the language milestones here. Also, it may be mentioned here that the child may be able to speak only a few words, but he can understand many.
Difference between speech and language:
The words speech and language are used interchangeably by many people, but they are actually different. Speech implies creating sounds articulately to form words and verbal expressions. Language refers to the entire system of expressing and receiving verbal communication that one can understand and be understood.
Though a child can have problems with one of these, they will yet overlap and will require simultaneous attention.
Identify the problem:
Signs of a possible problem:
If you feel that your child is lagging behind the norms of language development take into account the following factors before seeking an evaluation for your 2 year old:
What will the doctor do?
You can speak to the paediatrician about your concerns and if he feels the concerns are genuine, he will probably refer you to a speech language pathologist who will evaluate your child. He will observe the child, conduct some standard tests, and check out his speech and language development looking for milestones.
He will also evaluate –
After the evaluation, the pathologist may tell you that your expectations are far too high, in which case you will have to slow down and give your child some time.
If he feels that the child may need some speech therapy, he will need all your attention and support. You can attend the therapy sessions and also work on helping your child at home to aid in developing the speech and language. As parents, you will need to devote a lot of time, patience and nurture the little one. Spending time with the child, reading to him, and talking about everyday situations can help you encourage speech development.