List of Diseases that can be Cured & Treated by Stem Cells

3 min read

We know that stem cells cure diseases that were once thought to be incurable. These are the building blocks of the human body and can be obtained from different sources.

Embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and prenatal stem cells are examples of different stem cells. Many parents resolve to store their newborn’s stem cells as the list of diseases treated with stem cells is growing.nurse holding a board with stem cell therapy written on it

A Quick List of Diseases that can be Cured by Stem Cells:

Different Types of Leukaemia:

  1. Acute Biphenotypic Leukaemia
  2. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
  3. Acute Myelogenous Leukaemia
  4. Acute Undifferentiated Leukaemia
  5. Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia
  6. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia
  7. Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukaemia
  8. Juvenile Chronic Myelogenous Leukaemia

Different Types of  Myeloproliferative Neoplasms:

  1. Acute Myelofibrosis
  2. Agnogenic Myeloid Metaplasia
  3. Essential Thrombocythemia
  4. Polycythemia Vera

Different Types of Myelodysplastic Syndromes:

  1. Refractory Anaemia
  2. Refractory Anaemia with Excess Blasts
  3. Refractory Anaemia with Excess Blasts in Transformation
  4. Refractory Anaemia with Ringed Sideroblasts (Sideroblastic Anaemia)
  5. Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukaemia

Different Types of Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID):

  1. Omenn Syndrome
  2. Reticular Dysgenesis
  3. SCID with Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency (ADA SCID)
  4. SCID which is, X, linked
  5. SCID with the absence of T & B Cells
  6. SCID with the lack of T Cells, Normal B Cells

Different Types of Neutropenias:

  1. Kostmann Syndrome (Infantile Genetic Agranulocytosis)
  2. Myelokathexis

neutropenia and Normal blood cells

Different Types of Phagocyte Disorders:

  1. Chediak Higashi Syndrome
  2. Chronic Granulomatous Disease
  3. Neutrophil Actin Deficiency

Different Types of Inherited Disorders of the Immune System and Organs:

  1. Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia
  2. Gunther’s Disease (Congenital Erythropoietic Protoporphyria)
  3. Hermansky Pudlak Syndrome
  4. Pearson’s Syndrome
  5. Shwachman Diamond Syndrome
  6. Systemic Mastocytosis

Different Types of Inherited Immune Disorders:

  1. Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome
  2. Common Variable Immunodeficiency
  3. DiGeorge Syndrome
  4. Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
  5. IKK Gamma Deficiency3 (NEMO Deficiency)
  6. IPEX Syndrome4
  7. Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency
  8. Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome
  9. X linked Lymphoproliferative Disease (Duncan’s Syndrome)
  10. Ataxia-Telangiectasia

Different Types of Leukodystrophy Disorders:

  1. Adrenoleukodystrophy
  2. Krabbe Disease (Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy)
  3. Metachromatic leukodystrophy
  4. Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

Different Types of Lysosomal Storage Diseases:

  1. Pick Disease
  2. Sandhoff Disease
  3. Wolman Disease

Different Types of Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) Storage Diseases:

  1. Hunter Syndrome
  2. Hurler Syndrome
  3. Maroteaux Lamy Syndrome
  4. Mucolipidosis II (I-cell disease)
  5. Morquio Syndrome
  6. Sanfilippo Syndrome
  7. Scheie Syndrome
  8. Sly Syndrome (beta-glucuronidase deficiency)

Different Types of Anaemias:

  1. Aplastic Anaemia
  2. Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anaemia
  3. Fanconi’s Anaemia
  4. Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Different Types of Inherited Red Cell Abnormalities:

  1. Pure Red Cell Aplasia
  2. Sickle Cell Anaemia
  3. Beta Thalassemia Major/Cooley’s Anaemia
  4. Diamond Blackfan Anaemia

Different Types of Inherited Platelet Abnormalities:

  1. Congenital Amegakaryocytosis Thrombocytopenia
  2. Glanzmann’s Thrombasthenia

Different Types of Solid Tumors:

  1. Hodgkin Lymphoma
  2. Neuroblastoma
  3. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (Burkitt’s Lymphoma)
  4. Retinoblastoma
  5. Medulloblastoma

Other Blood Cancers Like:

  1. Multiple Myeloma
  2. Plasma Cell Leukaemia
  3. Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia

Other Metabolic Disorders Like:

  1. Lesch–Nyhan Syndrome
  2. Osteopetrosis

medicine in clinical Trial

Clinical Trials:

Clinical trials are helping research and validate the untapped potential of stem cells. With technology’s help and improved medical understanding of stem cells, there can be multiple other diseases that stem cells can cure.

A decrease in the disease progression or complete cure can guarantee the future scope of stem cell treatment. Hence, the diseases stem cells can cure can be more than ever known.

The following is the list of the diseases that are undergoing clinical trials currently for the effectiveness of stem cells treatment:

  1. Acute Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
  2. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
  3. Aging Frailty
  4. Alopecia Areata
  5. Alzheimer’s Disease
  6. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  7. Ankylosing Spondylitis
  8. Autism
  9. BronchoPulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)
  10. Cardiomyopathy
  11. Cartilage injury
  12. Cerebral palsy
  13. Cleft Palate Repair
  14. Critical Limb Ischemia
  15. Crohn’s disease
  16. Diabetes, Type 1
  17. Diabetes, Type 2
  18. Diabetic Foot Ulcer
  19. Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
  20. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  21. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
  22. Encephalopathy
  23. Epidermolysis Bullosa
  24. Erectile Dysfunction
  25. Eye Diseases
  26. Fistula
  27. Gaucher’s Disease
  28. Global Developmental Delay
  29. Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD)
  30. Hearing Loss (acquired sensorineural)
  31. Heart Failure
  32. Hereditary Ataxia
  33. HIV
  34. Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
  35. Intraventricular Hemorrhage
  36. Ischemic Heart Disease
  37. Kidney Failure
  38. Liver cirrhosis
  39. Liver Failure
  40. Lupus
  41. Lysosomal Storage Diseases
  42. Metabolic Syndrome
  43. Multiple Sclerosis
  44. Non-Union Fractures
  45. Osteoarthritis
  46. Osteochondral Lesion
  47. Ovarian Cancer
  48. Parkinson’s Disease
  49. Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
  50. Peyronie’s Disease
  51. Premature Ovarian Failure
  52. Psoriasis
  53. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  54. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
  55. Spinal cord injury
  56. Spinal Fusion Surgery
  57. Spinal muscular atrophy
  58. Stroke
  59. Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects
  60. Systemic Sclerosis
  61. Tay-Sachs Disease
  62. Testicular Tumour
  63. Traumatic Brain Injury
  64. Ulcerative Colitis
  65. Uterine Scars
  66. Wounds

There is a lot of research on exploring how stem cells can be used to treat diseases. It is anticipated that in the future, stem cell therapies will be used to cure many types of diseases for which there are no active treatments at the moment.

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