Pregnancy is a roller coaster experience and has its own set of upsetting symptoms besides the amazing wonderful feeling of carrying baby. Nosebleed is one such distressing symptom. Though nosebleed is an embarrassing and inconvenient symptom seen in the later half of pregnancy, but the condition is entirely normal and passes off with the birth of the baby.
What Is Meant By Nosebleeds?
The unexpected sudden rush of blood from the nose is termed as nosebleeds. Though nosebleed is harmless but if it occurs too frequently, your hemoglobin level might drop down and you can become anemic. They are seen mainly during the third trimester of pregnancy and almost one in every five pregnant women experience nosebleeds.
What Causes Nosebleeds During Pregnancy?
The blood volume of a woman is increased during pregnancy. The mucus membrane becomes delicate and results in swelling of veins in the nasal area. The obvious outcome is nosebleeds. Add to that the pregnancy hormones progesterone and oestrogen dilates the blood vessels and the increased blood pressure exerts additional pressure on the tender veins in nasal region causing nosebleeds. Though common in pregnancy, nosebleeds are generally observed from the second trimester of pregnancy.
Cold weather is another situation condition when nosebleed becomes quite frequent because the air becomes dry. This can cause the opening of vessels in the nose, thus causing minor bleeds.
Presence of high blood pressure is also a causative factor for nosebleeds.
How Can Nosebleeds Be Treated During Pregnancy?
Since nosebleeds are quite frequent in pregnancy therefore it is important to know how to tackle the situation:
- Sit down and raise your head up
- Pinch your nose above your nostrils, where it is soft, and breathe through your mouth
- Apply pressure and press your nose for 5 to 10 minutes to stop bleeding from nose. Keep a tab on the watch, it is longer than you
- Do not lie down or even tilt you head as you might swallow the blood oozing out. This could cause nausea or even vomiting
- You should lean forward with open mouth in order to avoid swallowing blood that might drip out of your nose
- Applying ice pack is also very helpful in checking nosebleeds. Use the free hand to place an ice pack on your cheek and the upper part of nose
Nosebleeds usually subside within 15 to 20 minutes. The gentle pressure applied on the nose helps in blood clotting. Include a lot of vitamin C and other fresh fruits to boost your immunity. Eating pomegranate, apples, citrus fruits such as oranges, sweet lime, etc will help in speedy clotting of blood. Spinach and other iron enriched vegetables help in keeping your hemoglobin level within normal limits and keep you protected against developing anemia.
How Can Nosebleeds During Pregnancy Be Prevented?
You should follow the below mentioned points in order to prevent nosebleeds from recurring in next 24 hours:
- Do not rest and lie flat
- Avoid heavy or strenuous work for example workouts, etc.
- Do not pick or blow your nose
- Avoid consuming tea, coffee or alcohol because they dilate the blood vessels further
- Do not keep your nose dry especially in winters, use nasal lubricants to keep your nose soft and prevent nasal dryness
- Soften the inner side of nose by applying Vaseline
- Be gentle on your nose and avoid picking it
- Drink lot of fluids for keeping mucus membrane hydrated and nourished
Do Nosebleeds Affect My Unborn Baby In Anyway?
Normally nosebleeds do not pose any danger to your baby, however, heavy bleeding after delivery has been linked to nosebleeds. Research is still being carried on the subject. However, in some rare cases, if you experience severe forms particularly in the final weeks of the last trimester, your doctor will advise you to have caesarean section for giving birth.
When Should I Go To The Doctor For Nosebleeds During Pregnancy?
You should visit hospital for active medical help in following condition-
- If bleeding from nose does not cease even after applying pressure for 20 minutes, immediately visit your nearest hospital
- If you are bleeding profusely and blood is entering your mouth
The doctor will pack your nose with special gauze or nasal tampons. This is to be kept for an hour two in order to exert continuous pressure on the blood vessels. Sometimes cauterization is also done to seal the oozing vessels. Silver nitrate is often applied on the open end of vessels to seal them. This is called chemical cauterization.
Remember nosebleeds are a transient problem and will not jeopardize your pregnancy in any way so shun way your apprehensions. Nosebleeds usually pass off once the child is born and this puts an end to the nuisance and irritating situation caused by them.
Happy pregnancy and do not let temporary nuisances such as nosebleeds affect your joy!