Just like any other legal procedure, adopting a child has its own sets of rules and regulations. So, if you have been planning to adopt a child, then it is highly advisable for you to research well about the aspects related to the same. Otherwise, you might get stuck in the legalities.
Taking the length and complexities of legal procedures into consideration, one of the best and wisest things you can do is seeking legal assistance from an experienced and reliable lawyer. It would be better if you go for the one who specializes in adoption or who has handled such cases earlier.
3 Main Adoption Acts
An Indian citizen can adopt a child under three main acts or legislations. They are – the HAMA (Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956), the GWA (The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890) and the JJ (The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2000, modified 2006). Knowing these will make things easier for you.
- According to HAMA, the Indians who belong to religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism are allowed to adopt a child, formally. As per this act, a married couple or a single mother is not allowed to adopt more than 1 baby of same sex.
- As per the GWA, international couples, NRIs and Indian citizens who belong to religions Islam, Christianity, Judaism (Jews) and Zoroastrianism (Parsis) can adopt a child. According to this act, you (the adoptive couple) are the one and only guardian of the adopted child, until he or she attains adult hood (18 years).
- The JJ act is especially designed for the children who have been rescued from abusive atmosphere or have been abandoned by their biological parents.
Deciding On The Age
Before adoption, you should decide on the age of the child you are going to adopt. According to Indian laws and regulations, you can ask for a child of specific age. However, make sure that you are eligible for that. You must be 21 (at least) for adopting a child. There is no certain legal maximum age bar for the same. However, various adopting agencies set their own standards in regard to age. However, legally there is nothing as such.
As an adoptive parent, you are also permitted to select a child according to religion, health condition as well as special features. As far as gender is concerned, you are also allowed to choose it, but only if this is your first child. However, make sure not to add too many specifications to your wish list. Because the more the specification, the lesser the options.
Get Ready to Welcome the Bundle of Joy
Dear parents to be, this is how you will be able to adopt a child. The process of adoption might take a month or two or even more to get completed. However, once it’s processed there is nothing to worry about.