Newborn Eczema – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

5 min read

Written by Pradeep

Pradeep

Newborn Eczema _ Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Although many adults suffer from eczema, it is more frequent among babies. This kind of eczema, known as baby eczema or infantile eczema, often lasts throughout childhood and adolescence, and in some instances, into adulthood. Researchers are unsure what causes newborn eczema, but they think it is caused by a mix of hereditary and environmental factors. This skin condition is not contagious.

Baby eczema requires therapy to totally disappear. Are you unsure if your baby’s itchy, irritated rash is caused by eczema? Well, this essay provides a thorough understanding of infant eczema.

In This Article

What Is Baby Eczema?

Eczema is a skin disease that occurs as rashes in newborns and usually occurs before their first birthday. Newborn eczema can cause the baby’s skin to be itchy, warm, red, and tender. It can be quite an uncomfortable situation for a little baby and could make you worried. Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema are other names for eczema. When infected in the first year, eczema rashes mainly appear on the cheeks, scalp, forehead, hands, and neck, but they can spread elsewhere on the body.

After the child becomes a year old, eczema is most likely to appear in the inside folds of the elbow, the wrists, the ankles, and on the back of the knees. Atopic dermatitis can improve or go away as the child grows older, but the skin can still remain dry, scaly, and irritable. The good news associated with eczema is it’s not a contagious disease which means you can’t spread and catch it from others. Though the red patches on your little one can make you feel scared, be assured that it is as treatable as is common.

Symptoms Of Newborn Eczema

symptoms of newborn eczema..

Newborn Eczema is a chronically relapsing skin disease that is two times more prevalent in girls as compared to boys. The main symptoms of eczema include severe skin itching resulting in inflamed swelling, blisters, redness, cracking, weeping, crusting, and scaling. The affected area is often sensitive, warm, and tender because of scratching.

The baby can appear distressed due to constant itching, and scratching can make the skin scar and thick. You should seek the advice of your doctor in the event your baby develops any of these symptoms. Though there is no sure-shot way of knowing when your baby will outgrow eczema, it should be noted that it lessens with age. Most children outgrow eczema by the time they turn 5, while some carry it to adult age.

What Are The Causes Of Newborn Eczema?

Causes of Newborn eczema

The causes of eczema are still not known, but there are certain genetic and environmental factors that trigger eczema in babies due to which some babies are more prone to eczema than others. There are about 10% to 15% of babies who get eczema worldwide. Some common factors that can cause baby eczema are:

  • If you have a family history of eczema, hay fever, and asthma, your baby is likely to have eczema.
  • Genetics also plays a major role in determining who will be more prone to eczema.
  • In many children, the skin is not able to hold moisture very well due to the fact that their bodies make too few ceramides. Because of this, a protective layer on the skin is not formed and the skin gets very dry and allows irritants to get in very easily.
  • The immune system of babies having eczema overacts more towards the irritant or any allergen due to which their skin becomes redder and itchy which makes eczema worse.

What Allergens Can Be Responsible For Baby Eczema?

Allergens Can Be Responsible For Baby Eczema.

Eczema is basically an allergic disease that can get triggered by various kinds of allergens present in the environment, few of them are stated below:

  • Environmental allergens include – dust mites, pollen grains, mold spores, etc.
  • Excessive heat or sweat
  • Food items – In babies sometimes having a cow, soy or any other milk can also trigger eczema.
  • In Breastfeeding babies- eczema can occur due to certain products in the mother’s diet like eggs or dairy products.
  • Other chemicals which can also act as allergens are soaps, alcohol-containing shampoos, perfume, detergent, skin oil or lotion, fabric softeners, wool, and tight clothing.

Treating Eczema In Babies

The first thing that you should do if you think your baby has got eczema is to take your baby to the pediatrician. Newborn eczema usually follows the below-mentioned line of treatment depending upon age, symptoms, and general health.

  • Healing the itchy, blistered skin and then maintaining it
  • Preventing further growth of eruptions
  • Treating them as soon as they appear, so that the condition does not reach the worst condition.

Medications For Atopic Dermatitis

  • Corticosteroids skin creams or ointments that control skin itching and swelling
  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Drugs to suppress the hyperactive immune system
  • In a few cases, light therapy is also given
  • Baby moisturizers containing ceramides which will help the baby’s skin to retain moisture

Tips To Help Baby Eczema At Home

preventive measure eczema..

Below are mentioned some important tips which can help you in treating eczema in infants:

  • It’s important to bathe your baby with lukewarm water twice a day as eczema causes skin dryness or water loss. Just pat the area with a clean and soft towel. Don’t rub the skin
  • Immediately apply emollient to their skin in order to keep the moisture lock
  • Use gentle baby soaps and shampoos
  • Avoid bubble baths
  • Change your detergent especially if you are using a perfumed one
  • Always keep your child’s nails short
  • Use cotton clothes for your baby. Keep them loose and airy
  • Don’t let your child scratch blisters. Scratching can make it worse, and further lead to infections
  • Refrain from overdressing your baby, keep away from embellished clothes
  • Keep your child away from cigarette smoke
  • Seek treatment promptly as soon as you see any infectious condition. Prescription treatment is always better than OTC medications

When Does Baby Eczema Go Away?

In most cases, eczema improves with age and often gets resolved as they grow older. However, the important understanding part about eczema is that – it’s a chronic, relapsing disease that means it can return again if proper care is not taken.

Newborn eczema is a common and treatable condition. With care and precautions, you can ensure complete healing of this condition. Do consult your doctor when you see the symptoms of this skin condition in your babies.

FAQs

1. Does Newborn Eczema Go Away?

Infant eczema often improves by the time a child is 4 or 5 years old when they begin school.

2. Does Breast Milk Help Newborn Eczema?

Breast milk may help relieve your baby’s eczema because of its anti-infective properties. Apply some breast milk to the afflicted region using a cotton ball.

3. Can Baby Formula Cause Newborn Eczema?

The formula milk was deficient in biotin, which has been linked to a variety of unpleasant effects, including skin eruptions. When compared to straight breastfeeding, mixed baby feeding may increase the incidence of eczema/skin allergy.

4. How Often Should I Bathe Baby With Eczema?

If your infant has eczema, daily baths are often recommended by physicians. Baths restore hydration to dry skin and eliminate infection-causing microorganisms.

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