SPD is one of the most frequent asked questions during pregnancy. If you have the same doubts relating to SPD during pregnancy, then you are in the right place. Read on to clear all your doubts about the SPD during pregnancy. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important for both the child and the mother.

What Is SPD During Pregnancy?

SPD is the abbreviated form of Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction. When you feel discomfort in the region of pelvic, then it might be the symptom of SPD. This is most commonly seen during pregnancy when the pelvic joints are stiffer and uneven. It is also known by the name called pelvic girdle pain. Symphysis pubic is the joint where two pubic bones meet at the front of the pelvis. Pregnancy can cause the joints to swell and turns it less stable, which causes SPD. This condition is not harmful to your child but can be for you, if not taken care of.

How Common Is SPD In Pregnancy?

SPD is diagnosed 1 in every 300 pregnancies. That counts SPD with all its signs and symptoms. On the other hand, some experts believe that around 25 per cent of all pregnant women will experience SPD to some extent.

What Are The Symptoms Of SPD During Pregnancy?

The symptoms of SPD during pregnancy are listed as under:

  • Pain in front parts of the pubic bone
  • Excruciating pain while walking
  • Pain in the lower back, both or one side
  • Pain in the perineum (the area between anus and vagina)
  • Pain which makes it difficult to sleep at night
  • Back pain, hip pain, pelvic pain etc.
  • Pain in the pubic area radiating to the upper thighs and perineum.

What Causes SPD During Pregnancy?

There are a few causes of SPD during pregnancy:

  1. The most common cause is pregnancy affecting almost every 1 in 5 women
  2. Relaxin is the hormones secreted during pregnancy, especially in your hip, stomach, pelvic floor, pelvis to loosen muscles and ligaments. This often leads to imbalance causing pain or discomfort.
  3. The weight and positioning of the baby are also responsible for pain in the pelvic area. Having a big baby increases the chances of contracting SPD during pregnancy.
  4. Though very rare, other causes can be injuries in pelvic, osteoarthritis and sometimes no cause can be diagnosed.

What Can You Do For SPD During Pregnancy?

There are several remedies to treat the SPD during pregnancy or to reduce the pain. Few of them are as follows –

  1. Physiotherapy: It is the first and foremost solution to ease the pain. It not only minimises pain but also helps improve the functioning of muscles and pelvic joint position and stability.
  2. Hydrotherapy: It lets you exercise in water to allow free movement by releasing the stress of the joints.
  3. Medications Or TENS Therapy: Additional support equipment like belts to give relief from pain, crutches, applying cold or heat to the swollen areas may also be recommended for the treatment.
  4. Exercise: Be active and exercise regularly only to the extent which your body and the doctor allows. Doing kegel and pelvic tilts regularly will help to strengthen the pelvic muscles.
  5. Sleep: Try sleeping on your side with the support of the pillow to relax the pelvic joints and muscles.
  6. Avoid Triggers: Be extra careful while doing activities those that involves lifting one leg. For example, like climbing in and out of the car, climbing the stair, etc. avoid lifting or pushing heavy objects. Always sit down while putting on pants.
  7. Wear Pelvic Support Belt: Pelvic support belts provide firmness to hips and helps to stabilise it. The belt provides extra comfort and support to the ligaments are loose as a result of pelvic expansion and relaxation. Wearing a pelvic support belt is a great remedy for SPD.

Does SPD Make Labor More Painful?

When in labour, it is suggested to choose your comfortable position for a natural and less painful birth. Women with SPD can often stress about the pain during labour, but you must find the right position for you to prevent the worsening of SPD then. You must avoid, however, lying on your back, squatting position, stirrups, taking any medications etc. You can use a birth pool to take the weight off the joints and help in moving freely.

Can SPD In Pregnancy Lead To Pregnancy Complications?

SPD during pregnancy do not affect your child as much as it does to the mother’s body. Many women have delivered normally while still having SPD. However, severe pain can lead to negative thoughts and depression, which is certainly very harmful to the child. So, it is suggested that you avoid –

  1. Bending and twisting when lifting anything
  2. Putting weight only on one leg
  3. Carrying a child on hips
  4. Sitting on floor
  5. Legs crossing
  6. The long duration of standing or sitting posture
  7. Vacuuming
  8. Carrying heavy objects or items with one hand etc.

Can SPD Come On Suddenly?

SPD usually occur in the second trimester but can also occur at any stage gradually or come in suddenly. It can begin during the time of labour and can even continue after giving birth.

Is SPD Same As PGP?

Pelvic girdle pain or PGP is caused by uneven movement and stiffness of pelvic joints. Initially, professionals called pelvic pain during pregnancy, as SPD, but now it is known as PGP as the pain is affected in all pelvis joints.

How Early Can SPD Start?

When you enter into the 12 – 14 weeks of pregnancy, you tend to release more relaxation. This leads to higher risks of SPD occurrence. Many women have reported that they suffer increased pain in later stages as the baby grows and pelvis stretches.

Some Final Words

Now that you have read about SPD, it is time to keep in mind all these preventive measures. Also, take good care of yourselves for a healthy and happy experience of pregnancy. Notice your symptoms and act accordingly without taking any kind of stress, as you would not want your child to suffer because of any unhealthy practices. Eat healthily and live healthily!