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Sperm Allergy And Pregnancy

3 min read

The female reproductive system is an intricate creation of the universe. In rare cases, women have been found to reject or be allergic to their partner’s sperm. Sounds strange, doesn’t it? Well, such a condition does exist, and to know more about sperm allergy or semen allergy, read the post below.
Sperm allergy

  • What Is Sperm Allergy?
  • What Are The Symptoms Of Semen Allergy?
  • How Will I Know If I Have Sperm Allergy?
  • Does Sperm Allergy Affect My Fertility?
  • How Can Sperm Allergy Be Treated?
  • Can Sperm Allergy Affect Men?

What Is Sperm Allergy?

Technically known as seminal plasma hypersensitivity, sperm or semen allergy is the reaction of a female’s reproductive system when it comes in contact with male semen. The allergic reaction is caused by the complex proteins that comprise the semen, producing symptoms and signs that commonly surface about 10-30 minutes later after contact with semen. The allergy will surface only if the semen comes into contact directly with the woman, not otherwise.

What Are The Symptoms Of Semen Allergy?

Common symptoms include redness, pain, swelling, itchiness and a burning, tingling sensation in the vaginal area. The symptoms may not just be localized to the vagina, but anywhere where the semen has been in contact with the skin, like the legs or the mouth. Some women also show symptoms of hives, swelling in other body parts or have trouble breathing normally. In some rare cases, Atopic Eczema or Anaphylaxis may also be observed. These symptoms can last for a couple of hours or may extend to a few days.

How Will I Know If I Have Sperm Allergy?

The first time a woman has sex, semen allergy may come to surface. A woman may experience sperm allergy with one partner, but not another, or the same partner after a long association. However, because the condition is rare, it is often misdiagnosed. Very often, the symptoms are similar to common infections like herpes, yeast infection, urinary tract infection or vaginitis. If you feel that it is only after unprotected sex that you feel symptoms similar to the ones listed above, you may consider that you have semen allergy. This is so because your body starts to produce or fight the proteins in male semen and thus produce allergic symptoms. Your gynecologist may carry any of the following techniques to diagnose sperm allergy.
Semen allergy

  • Intra-dermal testing: This involves taking the partner’s sperm and injecting the same in the woman’s skin. A reaction will confirm sperm allergy
  • Condom: The safest way to know that you have semen allergy is to have protected sex. This way, the semen does not come into direct contact with the skin and the symptoms will not appear
  • Isolated sperm test: In this test, the woman’s body is inserted with some isolated sperm and seminal fluid. The reactions are observed and diagnosis made. The isolated sperm will not cause any allergic reaction, but if you are allergic, the seminal fluid may prove to be allergic

Does Sperm Allergy Affect My Fertility?

Though this condition can be frustrating for couples as it can take a toll on the sexual life, it is not likely to affect a woman’s fertility or chances to conceive. When trying to conceive, many couples can feel disheartened as for conception to occur, unprotected sex is a pre-requisite. However, the desired results may be achieved through artificial insemination or in-vitro fertilization.

How Can Sperm Allergy Be Treated?

In order to treat semen allergy, your doctor may advise you to opt for Intravaginal Seminal Graded Challenge. This way, small doses of your partner’s semen are diluted and is injected into your body at regular intervals. This desensitization treatment can be a long process as this way you are made using to the semen and thus be tolerant to it. However, for this treatment, a couple is required to have an intercourse every 48 hours, which may or may not be feasible.

Can Sperm Allergy Affect Men?

Yes, it can. A man can be allergic to his own seminal fluid if his body produces antibodies that attack his own sperm! This can be if your partner’s sperm has come in contact with blood from a wound. And because blood and semen do not mix, the body may start to produce antibodies and attack the sperm.
All in all, though rare, this condition can be really frustrating for couples who are trying for a baby. Try not to worry, as you still have a very good chance to conceive naturally. Try to stay positive and in good spirits.

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