Stem cells are those primary cells that develop when an egg turns into an embryo. It is these stem cells that develop, rejuvenate, and multiply themselves to form different types of specialized cells of our body. So the specialized cells like the blood cells, skin cells, liver cells, retina cells, or hair cells all are derived from the stem cells to perform their respective duties.
But, these specialized cells cannot renew or make copies of them through cell division, once damaged due to an injury, disease, or aging. And here come the main uses of stem cells as they can recreate themselves as well as the specialized cells constantly or whenever needed.
So, in a way, stem cells are our body’s natural reservoirs that supply and stock specialized cells to function our body properly. You can understand the duty and importance of stem cells by knowing the fact that they produce 1000,000 million new blood cells each day for your body.
Thus, the future of medical science relies upon researching what can stem cells do and to what extent they can cure or reestablish any tissue or organ.
The constant research on stem cells and their application result in the cell-based treatment in some medical conditions like hematopoietic stem cell transplant in people suffering from leukemia or epithelial stem cell transplants in the cases of burns or corneal disorders.
Stem cells are generally collected in the lab from the embryo before implanting it on the uterus. It is also found in the umbilical cord blood and our bone marrow. So the stem cells of a healthy person’s bone marrow can become curative for an ill person’s body.
So what are stem cells used for or why should we research them? The main motive behind stem cell research is to cure the damaged tissues and cells that cannot heal by themselves. And with its improvement, many patients with chronic diseases are finding hope to live again. Stem cell therapy can go simply from cell transplanting or directing them to develop into healthy, new tissue, up to coaxing the stem cells existing already in the body to work more and produce more new tissues. Here are the stem cell benefits and possible medical treatment through the stem cells.
So stem cells are necessary throughout our lifetime and have a lot to offer to medical science. But instead of knowing what stem cells do or what stem cells are used for, a few religious groups, anti-abortion groups, and some conservative people are protesting against it because using cells from an embryo is immoral as it destroys life. However, the majority can understand why stem cells are important for us, and thus the stem cell research gets passed by a 2-1 margin and can be backed even by the federal government despite all the controversies.