Written by Editorial Team
With the re-opening of schools and monsoon splashes, young kids are more prone to fall sick. The most common complaints include fever, headache and sore throat. Tonsillitis is one such condition
Tonsils are soft tissue masses located at the back of the throat below the tongue, one on each side of the mouth, the left and the right. They contain lymphatic tissue, i.e. containing lymphocytes which play an important role in body’s immune function. The lymph tissues produce antibodies to fight infection, thus keep sickness at a bay. Lymphatic tissues are present in other parts of the body too, such as spleen and adenoids.
When the tonsils themselves become infected while fighting foreign bodies, the condition is called tonsillitis. Often as the first line of defense, the tonsils may swell to varying sizes if the invading bacteria is rather too strong and manages to infiltrate the body.
It is most commonly caused by flu-inducing viruses (influenza) and bacteria (Streptococcus). These disease-causing germs spread very easily. They can be contracted through coughs and sneezes of the infected person or even by coming in direct contact with them since these germs stay on skin surface. If your skin comes in contact with the droplets of sneeze or cough from the infected person, then this may also result in infection.
Tonsillitis may affect both kids and adults, but are more common in children because their immune system is still underdeveloped. As they grow the body does not needs tonsils to fight out the infection. Below are most common signs of tonsillitis:
You need to take your kid to the physician if the symptoms do not improve after 3-4 days or if any of the following signs are observed:
Often the swelling of tonsils is enough to diagnose tonsillitis. Since the above symptoms may be common in several throat-related conditions, below methods of diagnosis are also used:
Usually the symptoms of tonsillitis tend to get better in 3-4 days, if this is not the case and sever symptoms are noticed, then its best to consult a physician. Often the first line of treatment is antibiotics. Depending on the diagnosed bacteria, your physician is likely to prescribe a course of antibiotics. Note: It is crucial to complete this course of antibiotics, even if your child’s condition seems to improve. This is because if the infection hits back then these bacteria will be resistant to the antibiotic, rendering treatment very difficult!
If antibiotics are unable to take care of the tonsillitis or there are repeated episodes of tonsillitis (Chronic tonsillitis), then the physician may recommend removal of tonsillitis (tonsillectomy). Also if the tonsillitis tends to linger for longer periods and impacts the daily functioning of an individual then this is another fact that your physician will consider in favor of tonsillectomy. Sometimes the tonsillitis gets complicated by formation of pus pockets, which further signals removal.
Tonsillitis if left untreated is capable of spreading infection to other parts of the body, ear is the most common site. In case of recurring tonsillitis, it may cause acute sleep disturbances in children such as obstructive sleep apnea. It may also progress to rheumatic fever or even loss of hearing!
NEVER give aspirin to your child unless prescribed by the doctor.
Speech required proper coordination and strength of muscles required to spell out the words. It often required pouting, touching the roof of the mouth and moving the lower jaw. Inflamed tonsils restrict such movements and induce pain. The mobility of tongue is particularly impacted. This leads to failure in generating the desired sound causing delay in language learning.
The viruses and bacteria causing tonsillitis can be contracted very easily. Below tips can help your kid dodge them:
Tonsillitis is not a serious condition, but like any other disease if not treated properly may lead to complications. You simply need to help your kid follow basic hygiene regimen and introduce immunity boosting items in his diet. It is equally important to let your kid run in the sunshine and cut the junk food intake. Why not give him company? Cheers to good health and motherhood!
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