We all know the importance of the intake of sufficient nutrients during pregnancy, as the baby relies on his mother for nutrients. Most of us link nutrients to the birth weight of the baby. However, the nutrient intake of the mother also has a lot to do with the baby’s health conditions in the future. The demand of nutrients and energies increases during pregnancy. Insufficient nutrient intake can have long-term or short-term affect on both the mother and a developing child.
Nutrition deficiency can be broadly divided into two sets:-
Malnutrition happens when the mother’s intake of food doesn’t meet the energy needs of both the mother and the baby. That is when the mother consumes food with less calories regularly, whereas the demand of energy expends of the body is high. Being underweight and not maintaining optimal prenatal health are the primary reasons of malnutrition in pregnant women.
If you are wondering whether malnutrition during pregnancy has a long term affect in a child’s life, well, the answer is Yes. Maternal malnutrition has a far-fetched effect in a child’s life. However, the affect varies with the trimester during which malnutrition is experienced by the mother, such as:
These children are found to be more prone to infection throughout their life. Thus, the reduced health during adulthood, especially for the females is often rooted in their maternal malnutrition when they are in the womb.
So the significance of maintaining healthy diet habits from the moment you plan your pregnancy is important as the demands of extra energy and nutrition starts during the early weeks of the first trimester itself. The conditions you provide your baby when he is inside your womb, whether it be healthy or unhealthy, has an influence on his overall health condition in the future. So try to maintain a nutritious environment for the development of your baby.
Micro-nutrient deficiency arises when the mother consumes a sufficient quantity of food that provides enough calories to meet the energy needs of the body but the food that is consumed doesn’t contain specific micro-nutrients that are needed to maintain the mother’s health and the fetus development. Iron deficiency, calcium deficiency etc. are examples of micro-nutrient deficiency that arises during pregnancy. Deficiency of micro-nutrients during pregnancy definitely arise problems during pregnancy, like:
The deficiency of a particular micro-nutrient has an adverse effect on subsequent development of the fetus. Examples are:
We have already analyzed the importance of micro-nutrients during pregnancy above. Now let us see what happens if the mother fails to store the extra energy and nutrients that the pregnancy demands. If you are not getting the needed extra nutrients during your pregnancy, your baby will steal whatever he wants from your body itself. Even if your intake of the nutrients is somehow not requisite during pregnancy, you still have the stored nutrients in different glands, muscle and bones of yours way before you get pregnant. It is these nutrients that your baby will draw up for his needs. Let’s go through some examples, like:
In short, if you are not getting sufficient nutrients from your diet, or are unable to store them for both you and your child’s need, you are making both yours’s and your baby’s future health at stake. So, focus on getting sufficient nutrients not only throughout your pregnancy but also during the lactating period to feel and stay healthy and have a healthy baby.
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