Knowing about ovulation process and when it’s happening can help you a great deal if you are planning to conceive soon. By definition, ovulation means when your ovary releases a mature egg and sends it down the fallopian tube for fertilization.
Did you know that an egg matures in one of your ovary each month? When it is matured, it is released by the ovary and goes in the fallopian tube to join the sperm. By now, the uterus lining is thickened and has prepared itself for the fertilized egg. But whenever you do not conceive, that is the egg doesn’t meet the sperm, the lining of the uterus and the accompanying blood are shed. This is what is called the menstruation cycle.
It usually happens on 15th day of your last menstrual cycle. Though this is the cycle in most women, but it’s not necessarily the same in every case. Typically, the menstrual cycle lasts for about 28 days and the ovulation after that happens between 10th and 19th day of that cycle, which means about 12 to 15 days before your next period will start. Let’s take some examples. Suppose your cycle is of 35 days, then your ovulation will happen on 21st day of that month’s cycle. But if you have a 21 day cycle, then your ovulation will happen on 7th day. Though it varies from woman to woman, you can keep a tab of your cycles for three months and then estimate your own ovulation cycle.
An egg can be fertilized for about 12-24 hours in your ovulation time. But as the sperm can stay available in the body for about 3-4 days after the intercourse and the egg stays for one day, your most fertile time is between 5-7 days.
An OPK can easily detect a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) levels. This usually occurs about 35-36 hours before ovulation. If you plan the intercourse just after the LH surge, you can enhance your chances of conception.
So now you know how to keep a tab of your ovulation and plan to conceive accordingly. Knowing ovulation and your most fertile days will also help you if you do not want to get pregnant.