Written by Editorial Team
Are you trying to get pregnant? Are you longing to enjoy motherhood and hold your little bundle of joy in your arms? Do you know that in order to get pregnant, you need to enjoy good health, have a healthy lifestyle and eat a balanced diet? Have you come across a condition named ovarian cysts? Does it affect your fertility?
Several health conditions may upset your plans of having a baby by affecting your fertility. One such health condition is the presence of ovarian cysts. Continue reading to know more about ovarian cysts and your chances of getting pregnant with them.
In This Article
Ovarian cysts are small pouches filled with fluid found in the ovary. Cysts can naturally happen as a result of the ovulation cycle. In most cases, the cyst will either break or get re-absorbed and are quite common and harmless. However, there are some cysts that can affect your pregnancy and can cause pain and bloating.
Ovulation is an important part of a woman’s menstrual cycle. In this process, the egg released from one of the ovaries travels down the Fallopian tube and becomes an embryo if a sperm manages to penetrate it. When these egg follicles do not grow enough to reach the ovulation stage, they become cysts.
Some of the reasons for ovarian cysts can be:
Ovarian cysts are broadly divided into two
These ovarian cysts, even though sometimes cause pain and bleeding, will not affect the pregnancy unless their size increases significantly.
Functional ovarian cysts are either follicular or Luteal cysts that develop on the surface of the ovary during your menstrual cycle. They usually hold a developing egg. In a normal case, the sac becomes small and dissolves once the egg is released. This sac may swell up with fluid, if an egg is not released, or if the sac closes again after the egg is released.
Mostly these cysts are innocuous and do not show any signs. They usually dissolve without any treatment after a couple of menstrual cycles. But if a cyst becomes too large, it can turn, get ruptured, or bleed and can be extremely painful. Functional cysts do not cause infertility
They are a kind of benign tumor. They are growths in the ovary that develop from the tissues at the surface of the ovary. Although they require treatment, they do not affect fertility
A strange tumor, generally harmless, found in the ovary that typically contains different types of tissues, including neural tissue, hair, teeth, bone, thyroid, etc., instead of fluid. A dermoid cyst is formed from a totipotential germ cell that is retained within the egg sac. Being totipotential, that cell can give rise to all types of cells forming mature tissues. Therefore, more often, as mentioned above, distinguishable structures such as hair, bone, teeth, etc., are found in dermoid cysts. They do not cause infertility
The following types of cysts can affect your ability to get pregnant
Also known as an endometrioid cyst, it is a type of cyst formed when endometrial tissue, develops in the ovaries. The endometrium is the mucous membrane that lines the inner layer of the uterine wall. It affects pregnancy and may bring about lingering pain in the pelvic area during periods. Endometrioid cysts are more often packed with dark, reddish-brown blood, and may vary in size from 0.75-8 inches
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is the most common cyst that creates problems in a woman trying to get pregnant. They can cause enlarged ovaries and the development of small ovarian cysts due to hormonal imbalance.
Many small cysts in the ovaries along with irregular periods, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity are all symptoms of PCOS. The irregular ovulation associated with PCOS can create problems in conceiving
Most women who have ovarian cysts do not even know about it. But if these cysts become very large, or rupture, or block the flow of blood to ovaries, then the following symptoms may appear:
Once the symptoms of ovarian cysts surface, the doctor will be able to diagnose it through a pelvic examination. He can also use diagnostic methods like CT scans, Ultrasound scans, and MRI scans to confirm an ovarian cyst.
Ovarian cysts do not interfere with the production or release of eggs during your menstrual cycle. So, they generally do not affect your chances of getting pregnant. However, the conditions that can lead to ovarian cysts like endometriosis or PCOS can make it difficult to get pregnant. The complication is due to the underlying condition and not because of the cyst.
The ovarian cysts influence the odds of pregnancy when the blisters develop to such a degree that they begin to affect the functioning of the female reproductive system. Cysts on the ovaries prevent the discharge of eggs during ovulation, thereby, preventing the fertilization process. However, this condition can be rectified by means of surgery, thus increasing the chances of a woman getting pregnant.
However, ovarian cysts can cause complications if they are present when you conceive. If they were to twist or rupture, it can cause issues during the delivery. Your doctor will ideally keep a close watch on the cyst, throughout the pregnancy.
Most ovarian cysts are harmless and will go away on their own without any intervention. Very rarely do you need surgery to remove such cysts. You need to monitor the cyst closely by taking a follow-up scan to ensure the cyst does not grow in size if your cyst is growing in size, you need to monitor it very closely and take tests to rule out cancer.
Some of the possible complications of such ovarian cysts are:
Your doctor will suggest a treatment for your ovarian cyst depending on the size of your cyst, what caused it, your age, and other symptoms. Some ways to treat ovarian cysts are:
When you feel something is off in your body, you need to consult a doctor to ensure you are in no danger or harm. You need to consult a doctor at the earliest if:
Talk to your doctor about the various treatment options available that will help to improve your chances of getting pregnant if you’ve been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst.
Yes, most ovarian cysts disappear on their own over time. Very rarely do they need surgery for safe removal.
An ovarian cyst generally has no bearing on pregnancy. If it grows in size, obstructs the uterine passage, or causes severe pain, then it might impact your future pregnancies, otherwise no.
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Dec 05, 2020
I've tried with my partner to have a kid for the past 4 months and nothing seems to work but i was in hospital last year they said i've got a cyst on my ovaries!
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