Capsicum During Pregnancy- Is it Safe to Consume?

6 min read

Capsicum During Pregnancy

We are always advised to have green leafy vegetables to get some vitamins and nutrients essential during pregnancy. But capsicum is one such herb that is beneficial in all its 3 colors. But in certain stages of pregnancy capsicum should be avoided. So what are the benefits and nutritional value of capsicums? When should you avoid capsicum? What are the risks of having capsicum during pregnancy?

In this article we will dwell on all these questions expectant mothers have in their minds. Yes, no doubt, capsicum is a healthy vegetable. But is it fine to eat it anytime? Let’s find out!

In This Article

Can You Eat Capsicum During Pregnancy?

Yes, you can definitely eat capsicum in your pregnancy. Capsicum will bring a different taste and smell to your everyday boring pregnancy diet. Also, green, yellow, and red capsicums enhance the look and presentation of cuisine. A delicious-looking dish is essentially needed when you are struggling to eat anything (in the first trimester of pregnancy).

But capsicums are not just good in looks, they are nutrient-rich. They have all the vitamins and minerals required in the body during pregnancy. For instance:

  • The unripe capsicums look green in color and contain natural silicon. It is very much needed for the growth and development of nails and hair.
  • The slightly ripen capsicum gets the yellow or orange color. Yellow capsicum contains lutein and zeaxanthin. They help in boosting our immune system.
  • The fully ripen red capsicum or red bell pepper contains the antioxidant lycopene. This is helpful to combat cancer.

So adding capsicum to your pregnancy diet will result in positivity from every aspect.

Nutritional Value of Capsicum

Capsicums are loaded with nutrition. Here is a chart of nutrient quantity in every 100 grams of Capsicum according to FDC:

Nutrient Value
Copper 0.06 mcg
Phosphorus 23 mg
Zinc 0.15 mg
Selenium 0.18 mcg
Manganese 11.84 mg
Calcium 14.75 mg
Magnesium 11.84 mg
Iron 0.48 mcg
Vitamin E 0.07 mg
Vitamin A 54.67 mcg
Vitamin C 123 mg
Vitamin B6 0.2 mg
Niacin 0.5mg
Folate 51.85 mg
Potassium 154 mg
Sodium 1.84 mg
Pantothenic acid 0.21 mcg
Thiamine 0.05 mg
Riboflavin 0.03mg
Protein 1.11 g
Omega 3 37.08 mg
Omega 6 54 mg
Carbohydrates 1.84 g
Fibre 2.06 g
Sugar 0.86 g
Starch 0.31 g
Saturated fat 77.03 mg

Benefits of Eating Capsicum During Pregnancy

pregnant women with capsicum -benefits

There is a lot of goodness in capsicum. The benefits you will get by eating capsicum during pregnancy are:

1. Boosts Immune System

Capsicums are a source of Vitamin C, lutein, and zeaxanthin. All of these play a major role in boosting our immunity. Vitamin C contributes to the absorption of iron and the synthesis of collagen. So having capsicum throughout your pregnancy will not only improve your immunity but also your baby’s too.

2. Good Source of Fibre

Pregnancy and constipation go hand in hand. To cure this you need to take as much fiber as you can. So if you want a substitute for cucumber or carrot, have capsicums. Bell peppers are rich in dietary fiber. They will make your intestine move more.

[Read : Cucumbers During Pregnancy]

3. Improves Vision

The lutein in capsicums helps lower the chances of macular degeneration of the eyes. Also, the presence of Vitamin A in bell peppers improves eyesight. So if you want your baby to have a good vision then again capsicum is the answer.

4. Prevents Neural Tube Defects

Folate is another important nutrient in pregnancy. Capsicums have an ample amount of it. Folate helps to obstruct neural tube defects like spina bifida.

5. Checks Blood Pressure

The potassium present in capsicums keeps our body fluid in balance and blood pressure in control. This is effective in reducing the chances of preeclampsia during pregnancy.

6. Source of Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is yet another essential nutrient during pregnancy. It can be helpful in:

  •   Reducing the feeling of nausea, vomiting, and bloating which are extremely common in the first trimester.
  •   Maintaining blood sugar levels is very much needed as many women suffer from diabetes during their pregnancy.
  •   Developing baby’s brain and immunity.
  •   Developing metabolism.
  •   B6 and potassium present in capsicums are best known for combating hypertension.

7. Prevents Anemia

Lack of iron in your body can result in anemia. And less iron in the blood means its less capability to contain oxygen. And lack of oxygen in the blood causes fatigue and exhaustion. Vitamin C in capsicums helps to capture iron and thus prevents fatigue and even anemia.

8. Prevents Osteoporosis

To bear a child inside you, your bones need to be strong as well as flexible. The manganese present in bell peppers plays a vital part in the creation of bone collagen and bone cartilage. And the presence of vitamin K in capsicums helps to keep our bones strong and thus prevents osteoporosis.

9. Cures Cancer

The chances of cervix, bladder, pancreas, and prostate cancer can be reduced with the help of the carotenoid named lycopene. It is prevalent in red bell peppers as we have mentioned before.

10. Keeps Your Heart Healthy

By keeping your blood pressure in balance and hypertension in control, capsicum can keep your heart fit and fine.

11. Provides Antioxidants

The Antioxidants you get from capsicums will help to fight free radicals. Free radicals can cause damage to blood vessels.

12. Keeps You Safe From Being Overweight

Based on NCBI study, Calorie intake is low in capsicums. Moreover, the watery substance in capsicums will make you feel full and thus save you from overeating and obesity.

[Read : Salads During Pregnancy]

Side Effects of Excessive Consumption of Capsicum During Pregnancy

pregnant women sneezing

So capsicum is a healthy herb that you can surely consume while pregnant. But there are certain conditions and limitations you need to keep in mind:

1. Can Cause Allergic Reaction

Some women are allergic to the seeds of capsicum. If you are too, then avoid eating capsicum. It can cause rashes on your skin and make you sneeze excessively which is not at all good for a pregnant woman.

2. Can Cause Excessive Bleeding

Doctors recommend avoiding capsicum from few weeks before your expected delivery. This is because capsicum makes the blood thin and can cause excessive bleeding after delivery.

3. Can Add Spice to Your Breastmilk

Though capsicums are not very spicy but eating too much capsicum can make your breastmilk spicy and affect its quality.

4. Can Cause Indigestion

Eating an excessive amount of capsicum can cause trouble in your digestive system. Having indigestion will cause frequent stool or diarrhea which will make you suffer more during pregnancy.

[Read : Is It Safe To Eat Raw Vegetables During Pregnancy?]


1. How to Choose the Right Capsicum and Store It?

Choose fresh organically produced capsicums. Check if there are any cuts or bruises on the skin or not. Avoid it if there is any. Wash it thoroughly and put it in the refrigerator and eat it within 3 days.

2. What are Capsicums Good For?

Capsicums are good for developing your immunity, combating possible cancer, and anemia. They can also keep your bones, and blood pressure in check.

3. What Happens if You Eat Too Much Capsicum?

Eating too much capsicum can result in excessive bleeding after surgery, upset stomach, abdominal irritation, and even liver damage. Some can also feel skin irritation and local burning sensation.

4. Does Capsicum Cause Bloat?

Yes, the outer skin layer of capsicum is hard to digest. Thus it can cause gas, indigestion, and bloating.

So to conclude we can say that capsicum is an all-in-one provider of all necessary nutrients in pregnancy. But you cannot overeat capsicum for that reason. Adding some bits and pieces of capsicum to your vegetable soup or stew is fine. And if you have any doubts and concerns regarding capsicum during pregnancy then consult your doctor.

Read Also: Carrots During Pregnancy: Benefits & Risks

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