Written by Pradeep
Hypoglycemia is that state when you have a low level of blood sugar. When you eat food, it gets broken down and does sugar, i.e., glucose, which enters your cells to give you the energy for keeping your body active. With hypoglycemia in pregnancy, there will be some mild complications. The complications depend on the hypoglycemia.
Severe hypoglycemia can bring about fainting or take you to the state of a coma. Therefore, if this happens during your pregnancy, then you should take measures as early as possible to avert any complications.
Hypoglycemia happens during pregnancy when the blood sugar goes down below 700mgm/ml. During the pregnancy period, the normal blood sugar ranges from 700mgm/ml to 1000mgm/ml.
Regardless of the type of hypoglycemia you contracted, any of the warning signs of hypoglycemia during pregnancy should be taken to the attention of your doctor. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are very important. Generally, you will get two symptoms for hypoglycemia during pregnancy which are:
If you have reactive hypoglycemia, then your blood sugar level will decrease within a couple of hours following your meal. Usually, this happens more in people who are suffering from diabetes. However, it can also happen to those who don’t have diabetes.
If you have fasting hypoglycemia, then your blood sugar level could fall to an alarming level in between the time of your meals. Usually, this type of hypoglycemia is more often found in people who don’t have diabetes.
An expecting mother who is heading towards the closing stages of the first trimester. That is, those who are going through 8 to 16th week of pregnancy.
There are some medical conditions that can cause hypoglycemia. In such cases, taking evasive actions and obtaining the right treatment are important. Other things that can cause low blood sugar in pregnancy are:
If you are having morning sickness during pregnancy, expecting mothers tend to decline more foods, thereby ending up in significantly low intake of food. This can lead to hypoglycemia.
Your lifestyle could cause hypoglycemia. For example, if you exercise too much, then it can cause the breaking down of glucose at an alarming level, which can cause a low blood sugar level.
If you have diabetes then that could be a reason for hypoglycemia as it happens more to diabetic
This can happen because of hormonal changes, opposition to insulin, and stress during pregnancy. Irrespective of the triggering factor, the blood sugar level will go down, causing hypoglycemia if you have gestational diabetes.
The medications you take for your diabetes could bring down your blood sugar level significantly, thereby triggering hypoglycemia. This usually happens when the expecting mother fails to have an adequate intake of food or has a wrong dose (high) of the diabetic drug.
Low blood sugar will project itself with different symptoms. Some of these symptoms will include:
The tests to evaluate blood sugar levels are usually done once you enter your second trimester. However, if there are warning signs of low blood sugar, then you would have to undergo more tests during the first trimester itself.
Also, if you don’t have diabetes (in spite of the low blood sugar readings), then your doctor will make you undergo different blood tests to figure out the reason for hypoglycemia. Moreover, you have to provide the details of your diet, exercise, medical history, and lifestyle to your doctor.
Hypoglycemia can affect both the baby and the mother during the pregnancy period:
If you have severe hypoglycemia, then you might have to be hospitalized. Gestational diabetes could cause complications during labor pain, which might cause injuries at the time of birth.
Hypoglycemia could hamper fetal development and cause mental and physical abnormalities to the baby. Expecting mothers with gestational diabetes have more odds of delivering a baby with jaundice. If the mother has hypoglycemia, then the baby could have a low level of blood sugar.
In case of severe hypoglycemia, the patient will have to eat foods that are high in calories. Also, glucose tablets might aid in this cause. So,
Hypoglycemia during pregnancy could happen due to various reasons. If it happens, then you have to consult your doctor as soon as possible. Delaying the diagnosis and treatment could lead to severe complications.