Written by Aparna Hari
If you’re trying to conceive but facing problems, you might have Subfertility issues. In women, subfertility happens for several reasons, such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and thyroid. As you age, Subfertility increases, and you may experience delayed pregnancy.
Subfertility is a cause of concern for couples trying to conceive. The conceiving process may take longer than average, but there are still chances of getting pregnant. If you’ve doubts, here is the complete information about Subfertility causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
In This Article
Subfertility refers to the difficulty in conceiving naturally. Couples trying to conceive but don’t succeed are likely to be subfertile. A woman is considered subfertile if she produces eggs after a periodic interval. In some cases, a woman getting pregnant but unable to carry a baby is also considered subfertile. Subfertility also refers to an inability to conceive or a reduction in infertility after a long period of unintended failure to conceive.
Sometimes infertility and subfertility are often used interchangeably, which is not correct. Infertility refers to the complete inability to conceive. In the case of infertility, one partner has some problem, and the couple cannot get pregnant naturally. On the other hand, subfertility is a medical condition where women or men have some issues, such as tubal disease and sperm deficiency, so their pregnancy is delayed.
Subfertility in women can happen due to various factors, such as:
In this condition, the egg doesn’t release from the ovary during the menstrual cycle. This may happen due to polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disorders, and premature ovarian failure.
Sometimes prior surgery of the reproductive tract may damage the fallopian tube and uterus, which results in subfertility.
The thick mucus around the uterus cervix can cause Subfertility. Due to thick mucus, sperms are unable to reach the egg.
This is a common condition where the endometrial wall is present outside the lining of the uterus. This may damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries resulting in difficult conceiving.
Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors present inside the uterus and fallopian tube. They can block the fallopian tube and prevent sperm and egg from fertilizing, leading to Subfertility.
This refers to the fallopian tube, uterus, and ovaries infection. The scarring inside the uterus or fallopian tube prevents sperm from meeting.
Anti-inflammatory drugs, chemotherapy, spironolactone, and mental health disorder medications can lead to subfertility. Some medications can interfere with ovulation, egg production, egg release, fertilization in the long term.
Some common symptoms and signs of Subfertility are as follows:
The menstrual cycle of women is 28 days. If you are experiencing a menstrual delay or irregularity in menstruation, this could be a sign. Sometimes menstrual irregularity also occurs due to polycystic ovarian syndrome and hormonal issues. Both these factors also lead to subfertility and infertility.
Hormonal fluctuation is one of the common reasons for subfertility. If you’re facing hormonal fluctuation and noticing these signs, consult with doctors, as it can be a sign of Subfertility.
Some women believe painful sex is common since they have had it their whole lives. Yet it isn’t. It might be connected to endometriosis, hormonal problems, or other underlying diseases causing Subfertility.
Women occasionally experience a bad month, which is common. Your menstruation may briefly stop due to stress or strenuous exercise. But if you’ve had menstruation in months, it’s important to have your fertility evaluated.
The fertility specialists help in diagnosing subfertility. They start with a physical examination that includes a pelvic exam and a genital area examination. For surety, they order several clinical tests to know if women experience Subfertility.
Subfertility doesn’t mean you cannot conceive for your whole life. Thankfully, many treatment options are available to improve your conceiving odds. Some of the treatment options are as follows:
Treatment with medications depends on the reason behind subfertility. However, doctors may suggest some drugs, such as clomiphene, tamoxifen, letrozole, metformin, cabergoline, and bromocriptine. But keep in mind; never take these medications without consultation with a doctor.
This is one of the common fertility treatments suggested to couples facing problems in conceiving. Some of the common ART techniques are:
Techniques where sperm is injected into the uterus to meet the egg.
A technique that assists embryo implantation by opening the growing embryo’s outer layer.
Eggs or sperm from other couples can make a couple fertile.
In addition to the medical treatments and procedures, subfertile women should adopt some lifestyle changes such as
Some of the risk factors associated with subfertility include
Several circumstances decide when you should visit a fertility specialist. Testing for subfertility is exhausting, expensive, and emotionally draining. However, you should consult a fertility specialist if you experience these things –
Subfertility is a condition where a woman cannot conceive naturally due to some medical conditions. However, there are still chances to get pregnant if they follow the above-listed treatment option and track the underlying causes of Subfertility. Consult a certified fertility specialist in case of doubt and get appropriate treatment to conceive.
There is no particular set time for ending subfertility. The duration of subfertility may last for months and even years, depending on the cause of Subfertility.
Secondary fertility refers to the condition when a couple conceives once in life, but in the second attempt, they cannot conceive.
Yes, stress can cause infertility and Subfertility in a woman. Psychological stress can result in hormonal fluctuation, contributing to subfertility.
Her experience in impactful writing combined with her background in Home Sciences makes Aparna the perfect candidate for content writing in the pregnancy and parenting niche.Read more.
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