Hormones are quintessential for the complete wellbeing. They transmit bio-chemical messages within the body, and keep the emotions and body under control. The chief process that gets influenced by the hormonal balance is the reproductive system. A hormonal imbalance in females leads to heavy period cycle, conditions of infertility and causes endometriosis.
Hormonal balance is one of the chief causes that obstructs the female from being pregnant. Some fundamental tests will help in detecting hormonal imbalance and can detect causes and the correct treatment to be taken. Apart from that several factors that can boost the fertility level and keep the hormones in control. Hormonal imbalance can be mainly symbolised by irregular period cycle.
Hormonal imbalance test
Hormonal balance is significant for a healthy living, mind as well as body however, it gets disturbed in several ways. Hormone variations can happen biologically like in the puberty phase, menopause stage and perimenopause phase. The hormonal imbalance can even be contributed distorted life style or even by contaminants.
The obstetrician will advise you to get the undermentioned tests done to check if there is a hormonal imbalance in the body. The tests given below are the actual markers to indicate a hormonal balance and they are as under:
- Saliva Test- is considered to be the most precise measure to check estrogen and Progesterone levels, the Cortisol and even the DHEA.
- Blood or Serum Testing- computes the levels of free hormones and even the total hormones or both.
- FSH Testing – Follicle Stimulating Hormone is often used to ascertain the hormonal condition present in pre- menopausal women who have complaints of mood swings, anger outburst etc.
In addition to these tests, it is advisable to even get the thyroid level checked, blood sugar level monitored as well as Vitamin D3 tested as even these are significant in gauging the hormonal imbalance.
Hormonal imbalance and pregnancy
Several hormones are responsible for pregnancy and if there is any disruption in the hormonal balance, it might lead to difficulties with menstrual cycle thus preventing pregnancy. The menstrual cycle is also dependent on the correct levels of estrogen, FSH, LH and many others. The imbalance in hormones can even be attributed to the factors below:
- A condition when the periods are absent, can indicate upset hormonal imbalance and could be due to high FSH levels which is on account of a premature failure of ovaries.
- Having long menstrual cycles, which are for more than 35 days and makes difficult for the women to get pregnant due to as the reason is the PCOS syndrome also known as polycystic ovary syndrome.
It can be also said that hormonal imbalance greatly affects the fertility and few concerns that happen due to hormonal imbalance are:
- Improper functioning in Ovulation or Ovulatory Dysfunction –refers to irregular thyroid hormonal levels.
- PCOS -Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which reduces the steadiness of ovulation or prevents it completely.
How can I increase my fertility?
Hormonal imbalance is one of the major reasons for infertility, so if adequate steps are taken to change the lifestyle, the whole body gets affected and fertility can be boosted. Few steps that can be taken to boost fertility are mentioned as under:
- The most fundamental step in increasing fertility is the emphasis on a healthy diet like organic fruits and vegetables, raw dairy products, high fibre intake since they contribute in the formation of the hormones, the ovaries, eggs, the uterus and even the baby.
- Getting regular massage, practicing meditation along with intake of pre-natal vitamins is significant for boosting up the fertility levels.
How can I balance my hormones?
Hormonal imbalances are referred to many types of disorders which are mainly caused due to the diet, the medical history of the family, genes, stress factors etc. Numerous ways have been used to balance these hormones like artificial hormone replacement treatments, taking birth control pills, etc. These methods however not always prove beneficial as it has side effects, and makes the patient dependent for lifetime and very expensive.
Apart from the traditional methods there are some natural ways to balance the hormones and they are quite safe and not too high in price and are:
- Replacing carbohydrate intake with healthy fat diet comprising of avocados, coconut oil, omega 3 fatty acids from salmon fish.
- Usage of herbs like Ashwagandha and Tulsi are helpful in protecting against hat help in protection against many kinds of infections, and diseases caused due to stress levels. They help to balance the hormonal levels and even good for thyroid functioning.
Hormone imbalance and menstrual cycle:
Occurrence of the irregular menstrual cycle can be attributed to extreme stress or a new physical activity. The menstrual cycle occurs at a span of every 21-35 days (approximately) for about four to seven days. Due to a hormonal imbalance, the bleeding pattern and the reasons differ. A proper balance of hormones is quintessential in order to get pregnant and any alterations yield to menstrual obstacles thus preventing pregnancy as well. The menstrual cycle is dependent on an adequate amount of estrogen, FSH and LH, progesterone etc.
Common causes due to hormone imbalances
|Bleeding pattern||Possible causes||Questions to ask|
|Periods have become sporadic (oligomenorrhea) or disappeared for at least three months (amenorrhea).
Note: Ongoing irregular periods (including their absence) can be associated with bone loss.
Perimenopause may account for about half of all irregular periods. In perimenopause, monthly ovulation becomes less reliable, eventually stopping completely, though the transition can sometimes last for years. Because ovaries are now responding less efficiently to pituitary hormones, periods and ovulation can become intermittent.
|Are you between 45 and 55?
Has the number of days between periods increased?
Have you been experiencing hot flashes, night sweats or other symptoms?
|2) Psychological stress
Acute or chronic stress makes your body produce extra cortisol, a stress hormone. Because your body interprets stress as an emergency, it prioritizes ‘survival’ over reproductive function. Then estrogen and progesterone can become imbalanced, altering your periods until the stress eases.
|Have you been under more stress than usual? Do you have other stress symptoms?|
|3) Physical stress
Body stressors can have effects on the menstrual cycle similar to those of emotional stress. Stress hormones hijack resources that would otherwise go toward producing sex hormones and normal cycles. Are you on a new fitness regimen?
|Did you recently start a strict diet?
Did you recently lose a significant amount of weight?
Have you suffered a recent illness?
Did you quit smoking or change another long-time habit?
|4) Polycystic ovary syndrome
PCOS affects 5-10% of premenopausal women. Continued lack of ovulation disrupts periods. They may be irregular, absent, or unusually heavy. In many cases, insulin resistance and signs of increased male hormones are present.
|Have you been experiencing acne or unusual hair growth?
Do you have excess abdominal fat? (increases the risk)
Whether one is attempting to conceive or been trying for some time, having a knowledge regarding hormones is very helpful as it affects fertility and conception and it is wise to understand the causes of hormonal imbalance which can be thus cured.