All of us are aware of the importance of a uterus in a woman’s body. We are familiar with the way it works and what it can do. But how many of us are familiar with the endometrium? Do you know what the normal endometrium thickness for pregnancy is? Come, let’s dig deeper into this.
The endometrium is the tissue that lines the insides of a uterus. It is made up of two layers. The first layer, called the stratum basalis, attaches itself to the muscle tissue of the uterus and remains unchanged.
The second layer, called the stratum functionalis, is the functional layer of the endometrium is where a fertilized egg implants itself after conception. Hence this layer plays a crucial role in pregnancies.
The endometrial lining thickens every month in preparation for pregnancy and if there is no pregnancy, it sheds this lining which is called menstruation.
So, what is normal endometrial thickness? Can endometrial thickness indicate early pregnancy?
A normal endometrial thickness can range anywhere between 2 mm to 16 mm during the course of one menstrual cycle. It thickens as ovulation occurs and reaches its thickest just before the egg is released.
Remember, the endometrial thickness varies from person to person and there is no one limit to go by. Your age, medical history, and other treatments can interfere with the thickness of the endometrium.
If there is a pregnancy, this endometrial lining will thicken further to support the pregnancy; else it will be shed during menstruation. The endometrial thickness helps in determining which stage of a menstrual cycle the female is in.
Yes, when the endometrial thickness is more than average, it can indicate a possible pregnancy. This can happen at the onset of pregnancy (before week 5) or if it is an ectopic pregnancy. After week 5 one can confirm the pregnancy with a sonogram. The endometrial thickness in early pregnancy is one of the factors that help your doctor decide if it is a healthy pregnancy or not.
However, there are cases where even when a sonogram shows the normal endometrial thickness for pregnancy, though it is not pregnancy but some other issue with the uterus.
Some of the reasons for unusual endometrial thickness can be:
When the endometrium crosses the normal endometrial thickness for pregnancy, it can indicate a very high level of estrogen and not enough progesterone in the body. A thick endometrium naturally increases the normal uterine thickness as this is a layer attached to the uterus.
A thin endometrium is not good news either. This also points to a hormonal imbalance in the body. A thin endometrium will not be able to support a pregnancy to term.
So, what if your endometrium is not at the normal endometrial thickness for pregnancy? Why is a thick endometrium such a concern?
When your endometrium crosses the normal endometrial thickness for pregnancy, you are bound to search for an effective endometrial thickness treatment. Here are a few that can help you:
Though these hormonal treatments and supplements can help reduce the thickening of your endometrium, these are not long-lasting treatments.
The more you ignore or leave your endometrial hyperplasia, the more risky the outcome can be. It is advisable to get it checked by your doctor and follow their advice. Also, remember to not stay on hormone-altering medications beyond the prescribed time limit. This can result in severe side effects.