Being pregnant is such good news, and yes, there are hundreds of complications that surprise a woman in her grateful journey of 9 months. You might have heard about the Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH). If not, it is important to understand, the causes and signs, and symptoms of hypertension in pregnancy.
This is also called gestational hypertension. Doctors determine that an individual has Pregnancy Induced Hypertension when there is an abnormal level of protein in the urine. If undetected this issue can bring about many critical complications during pregnancy.
In This Article
Pregnancy Induced Hypertension develops high blood pressure during pregnancy. This problem is even classified into three types, namely toxemia and pre-eclampsia, and toxemia of pregnancy. It is just because of the fluid retention and the presence of the protein in the urine. There are chances for this high blood pressure in pregnant women.
These are the symptoms that one must be aware of while pregnant and doubt that they have hypertension.
In this scenario, women will be having hypertension before they get pregnant. While there are even women who don’t know that they have this hypertension unless they come for the first check-up after getting pregnant. On the other hand, after the completion of the 20th week, the chances of chronic hypertension will occur.
In this case, pregnant women tend to have high blood pressure and that too, at the end of the pregnancy. Other than this, there won’t be any sort of other complicated symptoms.
This is a pregnancy complication in individuals who have high blood pressure. The major complication is the damage of organ systems like the liver, kidneys, etc. And this is just because of the increase in blood pressure. This is the condition that occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy. If left untreated, it causes serious organ failure for both baby and mother.
Women with first-time pregnancies are at high risk, and either mother or sister has a history of PIH, then there are chances for the same to get repeated. Other risks involve are:
It is not exactly that while you have high blood pressure, you will be facing the trouble of PIH. Rather, they will be checking the other factors like the presence of protein in the urine as well as excessive swelling. Only then do the doctors conclude that pregnant women have the problem of PIH.
Luckily, due to the routine monthly check-up, PIH is detected in time, and hence most of the women experiencing PIH deliver a healthy baby. However, without proper prenatal care, PIH can potentially harm pregnancy and the health of mother and child.
Swelling or stiffness is more common in every pregnant woman. However, these sorts of swelling will reduce with some relaxation. But the excessive swelling of PIH never comes down, and moreover, gaining of weight more than 5 pounds is a caution for the individuals troubling with PIH. Consider all these things, and just don’t fear that you have PIH just by seeing your swelling.
Avoiding salt is the best option in case of experiencing blood pressure. However, it is a very bad idea during pregnancy. Expecting mothers need the right amount of salt for the normal flow of fluid. Therefore, instead of avoiding it altogether, stick on to the right amount of salt — not a pinch more and not a pinch less.
The diagnostic tests include blood pressure and Urine test. To diagnose you first, they will be as usual checking the blood pressure.
If the blood pressure is high, and it is never like this before pregnancy, then there are higher chances that you have developed PIH. Usually, blood pressure will be increased for women based on their health conditions. This could be either in the early stage or in the later stages of the pregnancy.
If the results in the urine test show the presence of the protein found in the urine, then the chances are high for the risk of PIH. So, checking urine is the next common thing when the doctor doubts that you have high blood pressure that is troubling you during the pregnancy journey.
It depends on the health condition, and the trimester of the pregnancy; the doctors will start the treatment. Doctors always want the mother to conceive at the earliest and safest time, so that there won’t be any sort of risks for the mother and the baby.
There is a strict necessity to get the right supervisor of the doctor for a safer pregnancy. Taking an appropriate rest will help the mother who is having trouble with the HIP. Even for the fetus, the doctors will be suggesting a few tests to check for their health.
Stay cool with the right diet and proper exercises and deliver a healthy baby.