Though all women would love to have a stress free normal pregnancy and delivery, and most pregnancies are normal, yet the same cannot hold true for everyone. Not all the women experience smooth pregnancies, sometimes they may have to undergo certain complications what doctors refer to as a high-risk pregnancy.
In medical terms a pregnancy is considered a high-risk when pregnant woman has one or more factors that can give arise to potential complications and could affect the mother, the baby or both. Diabetes is also one such factor which comes under high-risk pregnancies. Such kind of high risk pregnancies require a special kind of a care and management by a well-qualified and an experienced specialist to ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.
Diabetes During Pregnancy
In pregnant women, diabetes is broadly classified in two categories – one where diabetic condition exists before pregnancy known as overt or pre- gestational diabetes and other one is gestational diabetes where high glucose levels in women are first acknowledged or diagnosed during pregnancy. Read more about Gestational Diabetes here.
Why Is It Necessary To Control Sugar Levels In Pregnancy?
It is crucial to control blood sugar levels in both type of diabetic pregnancies. In order to reduce risks in pregnant women and the fetus, proper treatment and care is needed throughout the pregnancy. Diabetes during pregnancy can give way to high levels of sugar that can accumulate in the blood and can affect embryonic baby throughout the pregnancy. Poorly controlled diabetes can put women at the risk of having an overweight baby which is known as Macrosomia. Such a condition is developed because the excess sugar in mother’s blood reaches the fetus or embryo through the placenta. Hence, the fetus starts producing extra insulin and stores it as fat. These babies are more prone to childhood obesity, jaundice and breathing difficulties.
Top 5 Tips To Control Diabetes During Pregnancy
In order to have limited maternal and fetal complications in pregnant women the below top 5 remedies will prove helpful for controlling and managing diabetes during your pregnancy:
- Scrutinize your blood sugar levels: It is important to have controlled blood sugar level throughout the pregnancy, so keep the blood sugar test kit at home and test your blood sugar at certain times of day. By testing it will help you to determine whether your diet regime and exercise pattern are giving you desired results or not. You can keep the record of all the test and then can take them to your concerned specialist doctor so that she can determine if any change in treatment plan is required or not
- Exercise regularly: Do some regular physical activities as it decreases the risk of gestational diabetes. Be physically active throughout your pregnancy, even in normal pregnancy doctors advice would-be mothers some regular physical activity but in case of diabetic mothers they are must to do. You can also do yoga or pranayama that will also prove beneficial for your health. Aim for safe and light exercises like brisk walking and low impact aerobics. Regular exercise can also prove beneficial in relieving backaches, fatigue and posture problems which are quite common during the pregnancy. Ask your doctors to suggest you some exercise program according to the trimesters of your pregnancy. Never ever start a new exercise regime without consulting the doctor
- Healthy Diet: Eating healthy and well planned diet should be your mantra during pregnancy. Try eating small frequent meals throughout the day. Choose your food wisely as it must contain correct balance of fiber, vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Few food articles that can be really beneficial in your condition are bitter gourd, cucumber, radish, fenugreek leaves and broccoli. For you it’s better to avoid greasy, fried and sugary food like cookies, ice creams, chocolates, soda and cakes. Also, drink plenty of water – approximately 9-10 glasses during the day. To keep tab on your glucose levels it’s very important not to skip meals especially your breakfast. All the diet regimes can be little difficult to follow but don’t think of it as restrictive diet, be positive and think it as a healthier way for your eating habits
- Medications: Take your medicines on time as prescribed by your doctor. Your medicine plan may need to change or revised due to hormonal changes that occur in second and third trimester during your pregnancy. If you want you can also opt for some herbal help available in the market as they are effective and don’t have any side effects like gurmar, guduchi, neem and ashwagandha but best way would be to consult an Ayurveda physician so that he can decide your dose accordingly. Never opt for OTC medications without the prior consent of a doctor
- Regular antenatal appointments: Whatever type of diabetes you have in pregnancy you must have more frequent antenatal appointments with your doctor to check you and your baby’s progress. These appointments are very helpful in detecting any abnormalities in early stages. You will be offered advise, diet plans and treatments based on these appointments only, so it’s important to be regular and sincere towards them. Make it a point to never skip the prenatal appointments, as these are crucial for a healthy baby and a healthy you
Since ancient times, it is emphasized to place an enormous importance on mother and child care during and after pregnancy. It is the woman who nurtures her children and propagates the human species. During pregnancy, a woman goes through many physical and emotional changes, everything changes for her, her clothes, belly size, speed of her heart, few extra kilos, swollen ankles, the list is really long. However, with proper care and timely treatment, high risks pregnancies can also be risk free.