Written by Pradeep
Pregnancy is a happy phase in any woman’s life where she eats without worrying about calories as it is popularly believed that “a pregnant woman eats for two”. So she indulges herself in all kinds of food items that she craves for during pregnancy. But the sad news is, if the pregnant woman is diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy, this same happy phase turns out to be more serious and troublesome. This is where the Indian diet plan for pregnancy with gestational diabetes comes into the picture.
With changing lifestyles, gestational diabetes or high glucose during pregnancy is becoming more has become common. Find out Indian diet plan for pregnancy with gestational diabetes.
Nowadays about 6 to 8 percent of pregnant women are diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy these days. Experts predict that this will increase to 8 to 10 percent in the near future. We all know that a proper diet plays a major role in managing diabetes
Women with diabetes during pregnancy ought to meet an authorized nutritionist to design the best diet for them. This ensures she gets proper nutrition for herself and the baby growing inside her.
Remember, nutritional deficiency can bring about many complications during pregnancy. Keep reading to know more about the right diabetic diet during pregnancy that a pregnant woman should follow.
The good news is that if a pregnant woman strictly follows the diabetic diet designed for her, she can definitely keep the harmful effects of diabetes at bay and have an uncomplicated pregnancy and a healthy baby. Follow these guidelines for your meal plan during pregnancy:
The glycemic index (GI) indicates a number. It shows how fast your body changes the carbs in that food into glucose. An interesting fact is that two foods with the same amount of carbohydrates can have a different glycemic index.
The smaller the number, the lesser will be the impact of that food on your blood sugar. The lower the index, the slower the digestion takes place, therefore, the blood sugar levels will increase slowly and steadily. The food with glycemic index:
Therefore, before buying any food or drink, look for the glycemic index on the label.
The glycemic load (GL) of food is a number that tells how much a particular food item when consumed will spike a person’s blood glucose level. We have to multiply the GI of the food by the number of carbohydrate grams in a single serving and then divide the given number by 100.
For those with diabetes, you want your diet to have low values of GL.
The insulin index refers to the capacity of the food to raise the level of insulin after 2 hours of intake.
Here are 9 super tips to remember while planning a diet for pregnancy with gestational diabetes:
Carbs are not only found in food with processed sugars like soft drinks, but also in food containing natural sugars like milk, fruits, yogurt, etc.
Preferably have Greek yogurt, which is all the rage right now for all the good reasons. Greek yogurt is a naturally cultured yogurt, which is higher in protein, lower in carbs than regular yogurt, and rich in calcium, and has probiotics, the good bacteria that can help in digestion during pregnancy.
If you eat high-carb food in one meal and then avoid it in other meals, it will still raise your blood sugar level. Therefore, always stick to recommended carbs in your diet.
Never skip a meal as that can make you feel very hungry and you tend to eat more during the next meal.
Eat small meals, preferably every 2 to 3 hours. You can have a healthy snack, salad, and fruits in between. However, make sure at least one and a half to two hours of gaps are maintained between snack and the next meal.
If you are a rice eater, always prefer brown rice to white rice due to its low GI.
If you feel uncomfortable after eating any food item, stop consuming that and speak to your doctor about it.
Consuming more salt can lead to water retention and further increase swelling during pregnancy. It can also lead to gestational hypertension, which, along with gestational diabetes, can be very risky for both the mother and the baby.
Try to consume home-cooked food as much as possible. If you are buying ready-to-eat packaged meals or drinks, make sure to double-check the manufacturing and expiry dates and also the list of ingredients to ensure it does not have added sugar.
During pregnancy, there are specific do’s and don’ts that you have to follow to ensure that you and the baby growing inside you stay healthy.
Here is a sample diabetic diet menu during pregnancy that ensures the required nourishment for the baby and controls the glucose level of the pregnant woman. Eating on time and ensuring enough gap between the meals are equally important when it comes to a diabetic diet.
Once you have a general idea of how to select the food, you can make appropriate changes to the food items as per your doctor’s advice and also keep monitoring your sugar levels.
After meals do have a 15 minutes walk. Consider it also as a part of your diet. You can make necessary changes to the items mentioned above according to your taste and preference and in consultation with a nutritionist. Here are a few more tips:
The following list includes a number of food items that contain less sugar and are considered good for pregnant women:
Hope this Indian diet plan for pregnancy with gestational diabetes is helpful. No matter what you want to eat, make sure that you consult your doctor or a nutritionist first. Some food items that agree well with another pregnant woman may not be good for you. So be careful and eat what is recommended.
Yes, by all means. This can help manage the food you eat. Opt for foods rich in fiber and low in glycemic index.
Timely food, not rich in carbs can help. Ensure you do not eat anything overly sweet. Greek yogurt can also be part of regular diet.
Yes, in moderation. Eating once in a while is ok. Ensure you have control over the quantity and choose the foods carefully.
No, it is not safe. Refined flour can cause your sugar levels to spike. This is not recommended for women suffering from gestational diabetes.