Written by Editorial Team
Varicose veins are one of the ‘not-so-great’ undesirable effects of pregnancy that bothers many expecting mothers. Pregnant or not, for some reason, women are found to be more prone to having varicose veins. Pregnancy will just set off the occurrence of varicose veins.
Moreover, if once it appears in a pregnancy, the chances of varicose veins appearing in all successive pregnancies run quite high. Varicose veins may be nothing more than the looks of the same for some women, but for some they may be accompanied by itching and considerable pain, making a pregnant woman significantly uncomfortable.
In This Article
Varicose veins are large swollen veins. They are usually blue or purple in color. They mostly are wrinkled and a bulged near the surface of the skin.
Veins have valves, which block the blood from flowing backward. The efficiency of these valves becomes more relevant when it comes to the lower body. This is because the veins in the lower body are already working against gravity while taking the blood back to the heart. The valves, along with the elasticity of the vein walls, help in pumping the blood back to the heart. A varicose vein happens when the valves do not work properly.
As the pregnancy progresses, the uterus starts to put pressure on the inferior vena cava, the major blood vessel that takes the blood back toward the heart. Therefore, it will be hard for the blood from the leg to find its way back to the heart. This hinders the flowing of blood toward the heart. The blood starts to gather in the veins, thereby, weakening the elasticity of its wall. When more blood starts to gather in the area of weakness, the walls of the vein start to stretch and sag. The vein starts to swell and becomes more prominent under the skin.
Varicose veins can show up almost anywhere below the hip. They can even appear in the rectum or vulva. We know the varicose veins that appear in the anus and lower rectum by another name- hemorrhoid. The blood volume increases as the pregnancy progresses. This increased blood volume along with the blocked or decreased blood flow sets off the weakening of the valves and the elasticity of the vein walls in the leg, making a pregnant woman more prone to the formation of varicose veins.
Varicose veins appear with or without pain. Other sign of varicose veins includes:
[Read: Edema – Swollen Legs And Feet During Pregnancy]
As we already discussed, women are more prone to varicose veins. Pregnancy alone is a risk factor to develop this condition. Other risk factors that set off the varicose veins during pregnancy are:
Older moms are more prone to varicose veins as the wall and valves of their veins already might have started to wear and tear.
There is a genetic angle to the varicose veins. If this condition prevails in the family of the expecting mother, especially her mother or sister, the chances are more for her to develop varicose veins during pregnancy.
If the mother is overweight, she has more chance to develop varicose veins.
[Read: I Am Pregnant And Overweight. How Does It Affect My Baby?]
Constipation during pregnancy increases the risk of hemorrhoids, and the varicose veins in the lower rectum or anus.
If the expecting mother already had a history of varicose veins prior to pregnancy or in her previous pregnancy, the chances are very high for the reappearing of the varicose veins during pregnancy.
Carrying twins or more increases the chances of varicose veins, as the bigger uterus tends to press against the inferior vena cava thereby pressurizing the veins.
As you have no control over the genetic and hormonal factors, sadly, there is very little that you can do to avert varicose veins or to stop them from deteriorating.
In spite of that, here are some measures that might help to decrease the chances of developing and aggravating varicose veins and help with its symptoms in the course of pregnancy. Even though these measures do not promise any 100% prevention (especially if the expecting mother has a family history of varicose veins), they will definitely help to reduce its severity:
Move around frequently and cut back the amount of time of stand. Walking is a good exercise that helps to increase blood circulation. Therefore, whenever you have to sit or stand for a while (maybe your job demands it) takes short breaks and walk a few steps.
Monitor your weight and always keep your weight within recommended range with respect to your phase of pregnancy. Putting on extra weight increases the pressure aggravating the varicose veins.
Using flat shoes and chappals put less pressure on the calve muscle, thereby, encouraging healthy blood circulation.
[Read: Heels During Pregnancy – Safe Or Not?]
Follow the pregnancy menu, which helps to keep constipation at bay. Straining on the toilet increases the chances of hemorrhoids, which actually are varicose veins in the rectal region.
Using compression stockings will prevent the blood from pooling in the legs, as it gently squeezes pumping the blood and increasing circulation. This will help to ease the symptoms and progression of varicose veins. Pick the ones that apply more pressure on the lower leg (ankle) which eventually reduces as going up the leg. It is vital to keep away from tight socks or knee-highs that squeeze specific spots on the leg, obstructing blood circulation.
Varicose veins are relatively harmless for a short time. Therefore, it is better to wait until delivery to undergo varicose veins treatment. The preventive measures as explained above will also help you to decrease the discomforts caused by the varicose veins. You can also try the following measures:
There are different types of treatment available for varicose veins like laser therapy, surgery, radiotherapy, etc. The basic aim of the treatment is to close the affected vein and divert the blood flow to other healthy veins. However, the doctors choose to go for these treatments only if the incidence of varicose veins is too severe, hindering the normal life of the expecting mother.
Read Also: Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
Varicose veins do not cure on their own, however, the pressure and discomfort will diminish substantially after pregnancy. They’ll need medical attention to have their blood flowing normally again.
Varicose veins often manifest in the second trimester and worsen as the due date approaches. This is because the increased pressure of a pregnant woman’s uterus on her pelvic veins restricts the blood flow to her leg veins.
Massage helps alleviate aches and pains associated with varicose veins, but it is not a magic treatment for varicose veins. In actuality, it can only give short symptomatic relief and will not make the veins less noticeable, eliminate them, or prevent the formation of new varicose veins.
When it comes to pregnancy with varicose veins, movement, and exercise are essential. Walking is a healthy technique to enhance circulation in the legs and avoid the formation of blood clots and varicose veins.
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